2021 THE 世界大學排名出爐:牛津蟬聯第一,中國成為最大贏家

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2021 THE 世界大學排名出爐了!英國的牛津大學已經連續第五年被評為全世界最好的大學,但是中國是這次全國大學排名的真正贏家。

雖然美國在全世界前10名的大學中大有斬獲,但在中間排名的大學中正處於長期的退步,這些學校主要是被亞洲的大學取代。

今天 The Higher Education 所公布的世界大學排名中,英國的牛津大學成功蟬聯第五屆的冠軍, 而同樣在英國的另外役所頂尖大學,劍橋大學,則是下滑到第六名,這是至2014年來最低的排名。

在 2021 年的 THE 世界大學排名中,牛津大學及劍橋大學是前十名大學中唯二非美國的大學,這是美國有史以來在 THE 榜單上最多前十的一屆。

以下是今年前10名的大學,附上去年的排名做比較:

2021排名2020排名大學國家
11Oxford University英國
24Stanford University美國
37Harvard University美國
42California Institute of Technology美國
55Massachusetts Institute of Technology美國
63Cambridge University英國
713University of California, Berkeley美國
88Yale University美國
96Princeton University美國
109University of Chicago美國

但是,頂尖的美國及英國大學排名的背後卻隱藏了一個長期的趨勢,那就是亞洲大學、尤其是中國大學、的崛起。中國的清華大學在這次 2021 年排名第 20,這是第一次亞洲大學在世界大學排名中突破前 20。

但繼續往下看,你會發現真正的改變:在全世界前 100 名大學當中,中國大學的數量從去年的三所多一倍,到今年的六所。在前 200 名的大學中,中國在 2016 年只有兩所學校,但是今年一共有七所擠進前 200!


THE 世界大學排名評分標準

我們都會跟學生強調,一定要了解每個不同的排名的標準。不同的排名機構對大學的條件有主觀的認知,也都有不同的算法,學生跟家長應該要先理解排名評分的算法,如果您認同這個算法,這個排行表對您才有意義。

WUR methodology graphic
THE 世界大學排名評分方式(取自THE官網

THE 今年依照以下 5 大類,共 13 項目為大學做評分:

1. Teaching (教學及學習環境):30%

  • Reputation survey: 15%
  • Staff-to-student ratio: 4.5%
  • Doctorate-to-bachelor’s ratio: 2.25%
  • Doctorates-awarded-to-academic-staff ratio: 6%
  • Institutional income: 2.25%

2. Research (研究數量,收入,及名聲): 30%

  • Reputation survey: 18%
  • Research income: 6%
  • Research productivity: 6%

3. Citations (研究影響力): 30%

4. International outlook (國際教職員,學生,及研究): 7.5%

  • Proportion of international students: 2.5%
  • Proportion of international staff: 2.5%
  • International collaboration: 2.5%

5. Industry income (職場知識轉換): 2.5%


2021 THE 世界大學排名:前100名

下面是 THE 2021 年世界大學排名中的前100名,在這順便恭喜台灣的台灣大學獲得第 97 名的佳績,成為台灣唯一的前 100 名大學!

排名大學國家總分教學研究引述國際職場
1University of Oxford95.691.399.69896.468.7
2Stanford University94.992.296.799.979.590.1
3Harvard University94.894.498.899.477.746.8
4California Institute of Technology94.592.596.99783.692.7
5Massachusetts Institute of Technology94.490.794.499.79090.4
6University of Cambridge9490.399.295.695.752.1
7University of California, Berkeley92.285.897.299.172.384.3
8Yale University91.691.993.897.968.456.1
9Princeton University91.588.892.598.980.258
10University of Chicago90.388.990.598.67454.9
11Imperial College London89.482.388.297.297.469.6
12Johns Hopkins University89.281.691.897.773.993.4
13University of Pennsylvania88.985.489.998.166.377.9
14ETH Zurich瑞士87.980.492.390.59862.8
15University of California, Los Angeles87.182.590.296.565.357.6
16UCL86.976.689.496.296.542.1
17Columbia University86.885.182.997.779.845
18University of Toronto8675.490.994.587.250
19Cornell University85.378.886.797.273.736.3
20Duke University84.880.780.496.965.599.7
20Tsinghua University84.887.794.978.851.1100
22University of Michigan-Ann Arbor847986.995.459.647.2
23Peking University83.989.691.375.461.296.3
24Northwestern University83.674.983.698.264.569.9
25National University of Singapore83.575.990.881.594.877.8
26New York University81.976.180.69669.637.3
27London School of Economics and Political Science81.468.582.594.392.834.1
28Carnegie Mellon University8165.181.398.980.553.3
29University of Washington80.469.880.598.760.945.6
30University of Edinburgh79.467.274.79694.638.7
31University of Melbourne78.967.176.390.193.974.2
32LMU Munich78.268.778.787.968.1100
33University of California, San Diego77.760.380.494.364.495.6
34University of British Columbia76.462.175.19094.744.7
35King’s College London76.157.372.496.695.443.6
36Karolinska Institute瑞典7657.672.295.887.371.4
36The University of Tokyo7687.990.757.740.182.6
38Georgia Institute of Technology75.859.576.891.178.965.8
39University of Hong Kong75.267.573.380.39957.4
40McGill University75.164.273.486.491.343.7
41Technical University of Munich74.863.873.68574.4100
42Heidelberg University74.367.561.796.668.456.9
43École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne瑞士74.163.966.785.898.573.3
44University of Texas at Austin7467.974.890.539.446.2
45KU Leuven73.758.774.486.172.797.2
46Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University Paris73.671.27375.980.661.7
47Nanyang Technological University, Singapore72.757.171.9839483.2
48University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign72.362.579.181.355.149.5
49University of Wisconsin-Madison71.468.271.482.548.445
50Washington University in St Louis71.161.258.79959.140.4
51University of Manchester70.957.166.585.691.749.2
51University of Sydney70.951.364.492.39069.3
53University of Southern California70.463.858.493.164.939.2
54Boston University70.358.960.994.964.941.7
54Kyoto University70.377.979.960.837.874.6
56Chinese University of Hong Kong70.155.759.189.498.358.6
56The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology70.152.16388.997.463.6
56University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill70.160.663.396.339.742.5
59Australian National University69.848.568.388.496.243
60Seoul National University69.772.473.868.837.497.8
61Brown University69.562.456.69462.336.1
62The University of Queensland69.454.36185.99381
62Wageningen University & Research69.448.256.497.383.7100
64University of California, Davis68.960.566.281.966.950.4
64Monash University68.952.961.786.290.373.9
66University of Amsterdam68.849.162.292.887.439.9
67UNSW Sydney68.250.96285.394.766.8
68University of California, Santa Barbara67.945.859.696.77081.8
69McMaster University67.546.753.195.883.899.5
70Fudan University66.765.965.673.347.767.1
70Leiden University66.745.66684.182.272.6
72Erasmus University Rotterdam66.237.95797.687.873.6
73University of Montreal65.651.152.687.484.378.3
73University of Zurich瑞士65.650.150.489.892.164.1
75Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin65.448.34897.466.692.1
75Utrecht University65.44361.189.974.165.7
77University of Warwick65.346.753.890.19441.6
78Delft University of Technology65.254.471.66092.898.9
78University of Tübingen65.253.359.781.964.377.1
80University of Groningen65.141.256.292.685.169.8
80Humboldt University of Berlin65.160.667.868.368.337.6
80Ohio State University (Main campus)65.155.654.287.960.153.3
83University of Freiburg64.748.452.287.377.8100
84University of Copenhagen63.849.347.390.486.450.5
85Emory University63.753.941.198.759.246.7
85University of Minnesota63.755.15981.440.780.3
87École Polytechnique63.460.552.468.296.172.1
87University of Science and Technology of China63.46460.472.33375.2
87Sorbonne University63.463.254.573.568.536.9
90University of Maryland, College Park63.147.458.890.242.938.9
91University of Bristol6340.348.695.688.239.8
92University of Basel瑞士62.94441.491.797.299.7
92University of Glasgow62.940.948.194.392.839.9
94Purdue University West Lafayette62.557.165.56271.569.9
94Zhejiang University62.565.965.652.365.1100
96Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)62.464.468.157.936.6100
97National Taiwan University62.357.166.766.944.869.5
98University of California, Irvine62.143.547.593.572.453.2
98University of Helsinki62.142.758.388.956.137
100Shanghai Jiao Tong University61.860.87053.752100

如果要查看全部的排名,可以點擊下面的圖案進 THE 網站慢慢研究喔!

THE 2021 世界大學排名

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