英文寫作 動詞片語

205 個常見的動詞片語,幫助你提升英文寫作能力

在英文寫作中,動詞片語是非常重要的一部分,它的目的除了連接上下文之外,適當的運用這些技巧也可以幫助你在寫作考試中拿到高分,或者提升文章的豐富性。

這篇文章中,我們將分享 200+ 個常用的動詞片語,以及這些片語的含義和例句,現在就一起來看看吧!


常用的動詞片語清單

1. ask somebody out

  • 含義:約某人出去
  • 例句:Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.

2. ask around

  • 含義:問很多人相同的問題
  • 例句:I asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.

3. add up to something

  • 含義:等於
  • 例句:Your purchases add up to $205.32.

4. back something up

  • 含義:倒車
  • 例句:You’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.

5. back somebody up

  • 含義:支持
  • 例句:My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.

6. blow up

  • 含義:爆炸
  • 例句:The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.

7. blow something up

  • 含義:增加空氣
  • 例句:We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.

8. break down

  • 含義:停止車輛/機器運行
  • 例句:Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.

9. break down

  • 含義:崩潰
  • 例句:The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.

10. break something down

  • 含義:把東西分成小部分
  • 例句:Our teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.

11. break in

  • 含義:闖入
  • 例句:Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.

12. break into something

  • 含義:強行進入
  • 例句:The firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.

13. break something in

  • 含義:穿幾次使之看起來/感覺不是新的
  • 例句:I need to break these shoes in before we run next week.

14. break in

  • 含義:中斷
  • 例句:The TV station broke in to report the news of the president’s death.

15. break up

  • 含義:分手
  • 例句:My boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.

16. break up

  • 含義:開始大笑(非正式)
  • 例句:The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.

17. break out

  • 含義:逃跑
  • 例句:The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.

18. break out in something

  • 含義:皮膚狀況
  • 例句:I broke out in a rash after our camping trip.

19. bring somebody down

  • 含義:使不快樂
  • 例句:This sad music is bringing me down.

20. bring somebody up

  • 含義:扶養
  • 例句:My grandparents brought me up after my parents died.

21. bring something up

  • 含義:開始談論一個話題
  • 例句:My mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.

22. bring something up

  • 含義:嘔吐
  • 例句:He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.

23. call around

  • 含義:打電話到不同地方/不同人
  • 例句:We called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.

24. call somebody back

  • 含義:回電
  • 例句:I called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.

25. call something off

  • 含義:取消
  • 例句:Jason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.

26. call on somebody

  • 含義:詢問答案或意見
  • 例句:The professor called on me for question 1.

27. call on somebody

  • 含義:拜訪某人
  • 例句:We called on you last night but you weren’t home.

28. call somebody up

  • 含義:打電話
  • 例句:Give me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.

29. calm down

  • 含義:使冷靜
  • 例句:You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.

30. not care for somebody/ something

  • 含義:不喜歡(正式)
  • 例句:I don’t care for his behavior.

31. catch up

  • 含義:到達跟某人相同的位置
  • 例句:You’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.

32. check in

  • 含義:到飯店/機場報到
  • 例句:We will get the hotel keys when we check in.

33. check out

  • 含義:飯店退房
  • 例句:You have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.

34. check somebody/ something out

  • 含義:查看、調查
  • 例句:The company checks out all new employees.

35. check out somebody/ something

  • 含義:看(非正式)
  • 例句:Check out the crazy hair on that guy!

36. cheer up

  • 含義:變得更快樂
  • 例句:She cheered up when she heard the good news.

37. cheer somebody up

  • 含義:使…變快樂
  • 例句:I brought you some flowers to cheer you up.

38. chip in

  • 含義:幫助
  • 例句:If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.

39. clean something up

  • 含義:打掃乾淨
  • 例句:Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.

40. come across something

  • 含義:偶然發現
  • 例句:I came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.

41. come apart

  • 含義:分開
  • 例句:The top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.

42. come down with something

  • 含義:生病
  • 例句:My nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.

43. come forward

  • 含義:自願完成一項任務或提供證據
  • 例句:The woman came forward with her husband’s finger prints.

44. come from some place

  • 含義:起源於
  • 例句:The art of origami comes from Asia.

45. count on somebody/ something

  • 含義:依靠
  • 例句:I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.

46. cross something out

  • 含義:劃一條線
  • 例句:Please cross out your old address and write your new one.

47. cut back on something

  • 含義:減少
  • 例句:My doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.

48. cut something down

  • 含義:讓東西掉落地面
  • 例句:We had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.

49. cut in

  • 含義:打斷
  • 例句:Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.

50. cut in

  • 含義:近距離超車
  • 例句:The bus driver got angry when that car cut in.

51. cut in

  • 含義:啟動(引擎或電子設備)
  • 例句:The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.

52. cut something off

  • 含義:用鋒利的東西去除
  • 例句:The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.

53. cut something off

  • 含義:停止提供
  • 例句:The phone company cut off our phone because we didn’t pay the bill.

54. cut somebody off

  • 含義:切斷權利
  • 例句:My grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.

55. cut something out

  • 含義:移除物體上的某一部分(通常指從紙上剪下某部分內容)
  • 例句:I cut this ad out of the newspaper.

56. do somebody/ something over

  • 含義:毆打、洗劫(非正式)
  • 例句:He’s lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.

57. do something over

  • 含義:再做一次
  • 例句:My teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn’t like my topic.

58. do away with something

  • 含義:丟棄
  • 例句:It’s time to do away with all of these old tax records.

59. do something up

  • 含義:緊固、關閉
  • 例句:Do your coat up before you go outside. It’s snowing!

60. dress up

  • 含義:穿著好看
  • 例句:It’s a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.

61. drop back

  • 含義:回到某位置/族群
  • 例句:Andrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.

62. drop in/ by/ over

  • 含義:沒有預約就過來
  • 例句:I might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.

63. drop somebody/ something off

  • 含義:把某人/某事帶到某處並把他/它放在那
  • 例句:I have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.

64. drop out

  • 含義:退出課程/學校等
  • 例句:I dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.

65. eat out

  • 含義:外食
  • 例句:I don’t feel like cooking tonight. Let’s eat out.

66. end up

  • 含義:最終抵達/做決定
  • 例句:We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.

67. fall apart

  • 含義:散落成碎片
  • 例句:My new dress fell apart in the washing machine.

68. fall down

  • 含義:掉落地面
  • 例句:The picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.

69. fall out

  • 含義:從內部分開
  • 例句:The money must have fallen out of my pocket.

70. fall out

  • 含義:(頭髮、牙齒)變得鬆散或稀疏
  • 例句:His hair started to fall out when he was only 35.

71. figure something out

  • 含義:了解、找到答案
  • 例句:I need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.

72. fill something in

  • 含義:填寫資料
  • 例句:Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.

73. fill something out

  • 含義:填寫資料
  • 例句:The form must be filled out in capital letters.

74. fill something up

  • 含義:裝滿
  • 例句:I always fill the water jug up when it is empty.

75. find out

  • 含義:發現
  • 例句:We don’t know where he lives. How can we find out?

76. find something out

  • 含義:發現
  • 例句:We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.

77. get something across/ over

  • 含義:溝通、使理解
  • 例句:I tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn’t listen.

78. get along/on

  • 含義:喜歡對方
  • 例句:I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.

79. get around

  • 含義:有機動性
  • 例句:My grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.

80. get away

  • 含義:去度假
  • 例句:We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.

81. get away with something

  • 含義:做某事卻不被注意/懲罰
  • 例句:Jason always gets away with cheating in his math tests.

82. get back

  • 含義:返回
  • 例句:We got back from our vacation last week.

83. get something back

  • 含義:收到你原本擁有的東西
  • 例句:Liz finally got her Science notes back from my room-mate.

84. get back at somebody

  • 含義:報復、報仇
  • 例句:My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favorite hat.

85. get back into something

  • 含義:再次對某事感興趣
  • 例句:I finally got back into my novel and finished it.

86. get on something

  • 含義:上車
  • 例句:We’re going to freeze out here if you don’t let us get on the bus.

87. get over something

  • 含義:從疾病、失去、困難中恢復
  • 例句:I just got over the flu and now my sister has it.

88. get over something

  • 含義:克服問題
  • 例句:The company will have to close if it can’t get over the new regulations.

89. get round to something

  • 含義:終於有時間做某事
  • 例句:I don’t know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.

90. get together

  • 含義:見面(通常是社交原因)
  • 例句:Let’s get together for a BBQ this weekend.

91. get up

  • 含義:起床
  • 例句:I got up early today to study for my exam.

92. get up

  • 含義:站起來
  • 例句:You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.

93. give somebody away

  • 含義:洩漏某人隱藏的資訊
  • 例句:His wife gave him away to the police.

94. give somebody away

  • 含義:把新娘帶到神壇
  • 例句:My father gave me away at my wedding.

95. give something away

  • 含義:毀了一個秘密
  • 例句:My little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.

96. give something away

  • 含義:免費贈送
  • 例句:The library was giving away old books on Friday.

97. give something back

  • 含義:歸還借來的東西
  • 例句:I have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.

98. give in

  • 含義:停止打架或爭吵
  • 例句:My boyfriend didn’t want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.

99. give something out

  • 含義:給很多人(通常是免費的)
  • 例句:They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.

100. give something up

  • 含義:戒掉一個習慣
  • 例句:I am giving up smoking as of January 1st.

101. give up

  • 含義:放棄
  • 例句:My maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.

102. go after somebody

  • 含義:跟隨某人
  • 例句:My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.

103. go after something

  • 含義:嘗試實現某事
  • 例句:I went after my dream and now I am a published writer.

104. go against somebody

  • 含義:競爭、反對
  • 例句:We are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.

105. go ahead

  • 含義:開始、繼續
  • 例句:Please go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.

106. go back

  • 含義:回到某處
  • 例句:I have to go back home and get my lunch.

107. go out

  • 含義:出門參加社交活動
  • 例句:We’re going out for dinner tonight.

108. go out with somebody

  • 含義:約會
  • 例句:Jesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.

109. go over something

  • 含義:回顧
  • 例句:Please go over your answers before you submit your test.

110. go over

  • 含義:拜訪附近的人
  • 例句:I haven’t seen Tina for a long time. I think I’ll go over for an hour or two.

111. go without something

  • 含義:缺乏或剝奪
  • 例句:When I was young, we went without winter boots.

112. grow apart

  • 含義:不再成為朋友
  • 例句:My best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.

113. grow back

  • 含義:重新生長
  • 例句:My roses grew back this summer.

114. grow into something

  • 含義:足夠大以適應
  • 例句:This bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.

115. grow out of something

  • 含義:對…來說太大
  • 例句:Elizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.

116. grow up

  • 含義:長大成人
  • 例句:When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.

117. hand something down

  • 含義:給別人使用過的東西
  • 例句:I handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.

118. hand something in

  • 含義:繳交
  • 例句:I have to hand in my essay by Friday.

119. hand something out

  • 含義:發給一群人
  • 例句:We will hand out the invitations at the door.

120. hand something over

  • 含義:給予(通常是不情願的)
  • 例句:The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.

121. hang in

  • 含義:保持正向(非正式)
  • 例句:Hang in there. I’m sure you’ll find a job very soon.

122. hang on

  • 含義:短時間等待(非正式)
  • 例句:Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!

123. hang out

  • 含義:花時間放鬆(非正式)
  • 例句:Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.

124. hang up

  • 含義:掛電話
  • 例句:He didn’t say goodbye before he hung up.

125. hold somebody/ something back

  • 含義:阻止去/做
  • 例句:I had to hold my dog back because there was a cat in the park.

126. hold something back

  • 含義:隱藏情緒
  • 例句:Jamie held back his tears at his grandfather’s funeral.

127. hold on

  • 含義:短時間等待
  • 例句:Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.

128. hold onto somebody/ something

  • 含義:用手或手臂牢牢抓住
  • 例句:Hold onto your hat because it’s very windy outside.

129. hold somebody/ something up

  • 含義:搶劫
  • 例句:A man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.

130. keep on doing something

  • 含義:繼續做
  • 例句:Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.

131. keep something from somebody

  • 含義:隱瞞
  • 例句:We kept our relationship from our parents for two years.

132. keep somebody/ something out

  • 含義:停止進入
  • 例句:Try to keep the wet dog out of the living room.

133. keep something up

  • 含義:維持同樣的速度前進
  • 例句:If you keep those results up you will get into a great college.

134. let somebody down

  • 含義:未支持或幫助、失望
  • 例句:I need you to be on time. Don’t let me down this time.

135. let somebody in

  • 含義:允許進入
  • 例句:Can you let the cat in before you go to school?

136. log in (or on)

  • 含義:登入(網站、資料庫等)
  • 例句:I can’t log in to Facebook because I’ve forgotten my password.

137. log out (or off)

  • 含義:登出(網站、資料庫等)
  • 例句:If you don’t log off somebody could get into your account.

138. look after somebody/ something

  • 含義:照顧
  • 例句:I have to look after my sick grandmother.

139. look down on somebody

  • 含義:看不起、認為自卑
  • 例句:Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.

140. look for somebody/ something

  • 含義:嘗試尋找
  • 例句:I’m looking for a red dress for the wedding.

141. look forward to something

  • 含義:對未來感到興奮
  • 例句:I’m looking forward to the Christmas break.

142. look into something

  • 含義:調查
  • 例句:We are going to look into the price of snowboards today.

143. look out

  • 含義:小心、注意
  • 例句:Look out! That car’s going to hit you!

144. look out for somebody/ something

  • 含義:特別警惕
  • 例句:Don’t forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.

145. look something over

  • 含義:檢查
  • 例句:Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?

146. look something up

  • 含義:搜尋、查找資料
  • 例句:We can look her phone number up on the Internet.

147. look up to somebody

  • 含義:非常尊敬
  • 例句:My little sister has always looked up to me.

148. make something up

  • 含義:編造、撒謊
  • 例句:Josie made up a story about why we were late.

149. make up

  • 含義:原諒對方
  • 例句:We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.

150. make somebody up

  • 含義:化妝
  • 例句:My sisters made me up for my graduation party.

151. mix something up

  • 含義:混淆兩個或以上的事物
  • 例句:I mixed up the twins’ names again!

152. pass away

  • 含義:過世
  • 例句:His uncle passed away last night after a long illness.

153. pass out

  • 含義:昏倒
  • 例句:It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.

154. pass something out

  • 含義:給很多人相同的東西
  • 例句:The professor passed the textbooks out before class.

155. pass something up

  • 含義:下降(通常是好事)
  • 例句:I passed up the job because I am afraid of change.

156. pay somebody back

  • 含義:還錢
  • 例句:Thanks for buying my ticket. I’ll pay you back on Friday.

157. pay for something

  • 含義:做壞事而受到懲罰
  • 例句:That bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.

158. pick something out

  • 含義:選擇
  • 例句:I picked out three sweaters for you to try on.

159. point somebody/ something out

  • 含義:用手指指示
  • 例句:I’ll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.

160. put something down

  • 含義:把你拿的東西放在表面或地板上
  • 例句:You can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.

161. put somebody down

  • 含義:侮辱某人
  • 例句:The students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.

162. put something off

  • 含義:延遲
  • 例句:We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.

163. put something out

  • 含義:熄滅
  • 例句:The neighbors put the fire out before the firemen arrived.

164. put something together

  • 含義:集合
  • 例句:I have to put the crib together before the baby arrives.

165. put up with somebody/ something

  • 含義:忍受
  • 例句:I don’t think I can put up with three small children in the car.

166. put something on

  • 含義:把衣服/配件穿身上
  • 例句:Don’t forget to put on your new earrings for the party.

167. run into somebody/ something

  • 含義:不期而遇
  • 例句:I ran into an old school-friend at the mall.

168. run over somebody/ something

  • 含義:開車碾過某人或某物
  • 例句:I accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.

169. run over/ through something

  • 含義:排練、回顧
  • 例句:Let’s run over/through these lines one more time before the show.

170. run away

  • 含義:離開、逃跑
  • 例句:The child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.

171. run out

  • 含義:一無所有
  • 例句:We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.

172. send something back

  • 含義:寄回(通常透過郵件)
  • 例句:My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.

173. set something up

  • 含義:安排、組織
  • 例句:Our boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.

174. set somebody up

  • 含義:詭計、陷阱
  • 例句:The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.

175. shop around

  • 含義:比價
  • 例句:I want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.

176. show off

  • 含義:對觀看的人來說很特別(通常為自誇)
  • 例句:He always shows off on his skateboard.

177. sleep over

  • 含義:在某處過夜(非正式)
  • 例句:You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.

178. sort something out

  • 含義:整理、解決問題
  • 例句:We need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.

179. stick to something

  • 含義:繼續做某事、將自己限制在一件特定的事情上
  • 例句:You will lose weight if you stick to the diet.

180. switch something off

  • 含義:停止能量流動、關閉
  • 例句:The light’s too bright. Could you switch it off.

181. switch something on

  • 含義:開始能量流動、開啟
  • 例句:We heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.

182. take after somebody

  • 含義:像某個家庭成員
  • 例句:I take after my mother. We are both impatient.

183. take something apart

  • 含義:有意的把東西拆開
  • 例句:He took the car brakes apart and found the problem.

184. take something back

  • 含義:退貨
  • 例句:I have to take our new TV back because it doesn’t work.

185. take off

  • 含義:起飛
  • 例句:My plane takes off in five minutes.

186. take something off

  • 含義:脫掉東西(通常是衣服)
  • 例句:Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!

187. take something out

  • 含義:從一個地方或事物中移除
  • 例句:Can you take the garbage out to the street for me?

188. take somebody out

  • 含義:付錢讓某人和你一起去某個地方
  • 例句:My grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.

189. tear something up

  • 含義:撕成碎片
  • 例句:I tore up my ex-boyfriend’s letters and gave them back to him.

190. think back

  • 含義:記得
  • 例句:When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.

191. think something over

  • 含義:考慮
  • 例句:I’ll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.

192. throw something away

  • 含義:扔掉
  • 例句:We threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.

193. turn something down

  • 含義:降低音量或強度
  • 例句:Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.

194. turn something down

  • 含義:拒絕
  • 例句:I turned the job down because I don’t want to move.

195. turn something off

  • 含義:停止能量流動、關閉
  • 例句:Your mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.

196. turn something on

  • 含義:開始能量流動、開啟
  • 例句:It’s too dark in here. Let’s turn some lights on.

197. turn something up

  • 含義:增加音量或強度
  • 例句:Can you turn the music up? This is my favorite song.

198. turn up

  • 含義:突然出現
  • 例句:Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighborhood.

199. try something on

  • 含義:試穿
  • 例句:I’m going to try these jeans on, but I don’t think they will fit.

200. try something out

  • 含義:嘗試
  • 例句:I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.

201. use something up

  • 含義:完成供應
  • 例句:The kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.

202. warm up

  • 含義:暖身
  • 例句:I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.

203. wear off

  • 含義:消失
  • 例句:Most of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.

204. work out

  • 含義:鍛鍊
  • 例句:I work out at the gym three times a week.

205. work something out

  • 含義:計算
  • 例句:We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.

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