QS世界大學排名

QS 2021世界大學排名出爐!

前幾天 QS 公佈了 2021 世界大學排名,今年仍然由麻省理工拔得頭籌,目前美國大學排名尚未公佈,如果有最新消息將會持續更新給大家!


排名評分標準

我們都會跟學生強調,一定要了解每個不同的排名的標準。不同的排名機構對大學的條件有主觀的認知,也都有不同的算法,學生跟家長應該要先理解排名評分的算法,如果您認同這個算法,這個排行表對您才有意義。

QS 依照以下 4 大類(就業能力,多元化,學習經歷,及研究)共 17 項目為大學做評分:

1. 就業能力 (Employability) (27%)

  • 公司對學校的評價 (Employer reputation) (10%)
  • 畢業生給學生的人脈 (Alumni outcomes) (10%)
  • 10年後的薪水 (Salary after 10 years) (7%)

2. 學生多元化及國際性 (Diversity & Internationalisation) (25%)

  • 男女薪資平等 (Gender pay gap) (2.5%)
  • 職員性別平等 (Faculty gender diversity) (2.5%)
  • 大學生獲得助學金比例 (Ratio of undergraduate students receiving Pell grants) (5%)
  • 學生種族多元化 (Students’ ethnicity mix) (5%)
  • Fulbright獎學金數量 (Number of Fulbright recipients per institution) (5%)
  • 國際生比例 (Proportion of international students) (5%)

3. 學習經歷(Learning experience) (22%)

  • 提供給每位學生的教育支出 (Average instructional expenditure per FTE student)(10%)
  • 學生留校意願 (Retention rate) (5%)
  • 助學金學生畢業率 (Pell grant student graduation rates compared with other students) (3.5%)
  • 師生比例 (Student-faculty ratio) (3.5%)

4. 研究 (Research) (26%)

  • 學術名聲 (Academic reputation) (12.5%)
  • 論文引述數量 (Citation per paper) (7%)
  • 國際研究合作性 (International Research Network) (3.5%)
  • 企業合作率 (Partnerships with Employers per Faculty) (3%)

QS 2021 世界大學排行表

QS 2021年公佈的世界大學排行前三名跟2020年一樣,分別是麻省理工、史丹佛及哈佛大學;而排行前10名的大學中,有5所都來自美國。以下是100所大學的詳細資訊:

排名學校總分國際學生國際教職員師生比例企業印象學術聲望
1Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)10091.9100100100100
2Stanford University98.463.699.7100100100
3Harvard University97.969.985.298.6100100
4California Institute of Technology (Caltech)9788.21001009782.8
5University of Oxford96.798.399.4100100100
6ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology9597.910080.896.698.7
7University of Cambridge94.397.4100100100100
8Imperial College London93.610010099.999.898.5
9University of Chicago93.182.667.194.491.399.4
10UCL92.910099.398.498.399.4
11National University of Singapore (NUS)91.571.410090.798.499.7
12Princeton University9165.671.668.69999.9
13Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)89.967.610091.589.889.8
14EPFL89.610010096.38080.4
15Tsinghua University89.229.755.393.398.698.2
16University of Pennsylvania88.665.388.710091.596.1
17Yale University8854.585.363.710099.9
18Cornell University87.67093.710090.998.5
19Columbia University86.596.337.210097.399.7
20The University of Edinburgh85.89998.283.195.498
21University of Michigan-Ann Arbor84.641.374.889.492.798.9
22The University of Hong Kong83.798.910083.876.398.1
23Peking University83.534.369.776.499.199.2
24The University of Tokyo83.226.110.792.399.6100
25Johns Hopkins University82.787.766.31004786.7
25University of Toronto82.794.197.970.396.899.3
27The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology82.188.910066.763.685.2
27The University of Manchester82.198.892.972.797.495.3
29Northwestern University81.545.357.999.774.485.1
30University of California, Berkeley (UCB)80.839.794.921.399.9100
31The Australian National University8099.610040.177.695.6
31King’s College London8099.998.483.181.188.9
31McGill University8096.390.567.594.192.3
34Fudan University79.946.393.190.992.584.7
35New York University (NYU)79.49337.396.796.595.8
36University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)79.232.647.34299.7100
37Seoul National University7911.618.687.995.997.9
38Kyoto University78.919.8169596.998.6
39KAIST – Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology78.69.724.77082.286.8
40The University of Sydney77.110010021.495.397.4
41The University of Melbourne76.510097.418.897.399.1
42Duke University76.4585.910085.388.2
43The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)75.891.510059.253.190.3
44The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney)75.499.210016.794.991.1
45University of British Columbia74.878.889.553.189.697.1
46The University of Queensland74.599.910023.878.289
47Shanghai Jiao Tong University74.430.26460.490.982.5
48City University of Hong Kong74.39910088.932.861.5
49The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)73.910010041.999.675.8
50Technical University of Munich73.684.763.489.798.583.8
51Carnegie Mellon University73.499.465.35172.473.3
52Université PSL73.368.464.510097.575.5
53Zhejiang University71.974.298.19091.169.3
54University of California, San Diego (UCSD)71.264.359.961.350.491.9
55Monash University70.910010014.188.790
56Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech)70.82827.683.490.473.3
57Delft University of Technology70.785.699.843.987.970.7
58University of Bristol70.680.691.570.882.975.5
59Universiti Malaya (UM)70.144.568.782.184.674.1
60Brown University7053.482.98258.160.2
61Ecole Polytechnique69.99995.899.898.741.8
61University of Amsterdam69.961.684.535.455.682.3
63The University of Warwick6999.298.147.89274.3
64Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München68.936.257.649.180.792.9
65Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg68.649.552.399.141.880.6
66University of Wisconsin-Madison68.227.634.772.749.585.6
67National Taiwan University (NTU)67.538.719.138.787.591.8
67Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA)67.571.860.477.990.888.3
69Korea University67.153.31584.991.775.2
69University of Zurich67.159.81009860.659.7
71University of Texas at Austin66.716.26.512.483.494
72Osaka University66.11420.378.979.680.1
72University of Washington66.139.539.713.74985.9
74Lomonosov Moscow State University65.976.820.199.882.877.3
75The Hong Kong Polytechnic University65.880.21007840.866.3
76University of Copenhagen65.526.591.810038.772.8
77Pohang University of Science And Technology (POSTECH)64.6333.899.954.643
77University of Glasgow64.697.193.860.466.873
79Tohoku University64.316.911.898.172.469.3
80Georgia Institute of Technology64.164.8719.276.468.8
81The University of Auckland6494.597.625.455.984.9
82University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign63.460.418.810.852.187.4
83Sorbonne University63.357.13438.947.490.1
84KU Leuven6336.190.79.455.583.4
85Yonsei University62.545.312.185.187.768.3
86Durham University62.288.797.933.190.258
87University of Birmingham6287.993.452.572.664.4
88Sungkyunkwan University(SKKU)61.539.320.184.975.660.2
89Rice University61.49288.880.825.339.6
90University of Southampton61.393.597.666.852.950.9
91University of Leeds61.281.384.74678.170.6
92The University of Western Australia6199.61001952.761.1
93The University of Sheffield60.89685.362.258.661.4
93University of Science and Technology of China60.86.124.177.719.953.9
95University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill60.610.532.684.449.768.1
96University of St Andrews60.399.898.467.661.146
97Lund University60.26992.353.650.970
98KTH Royal Institute of Technology59.557.498.364.863.646.2
99University of Nottingham5983.590.847.771.660
100Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)58.83.69.952.990.993.3
來源:Topuniversities

其他的大學排行表

除了世界大學排行之外,QS也有以下不同的大學排行表:

2021 大學科系排行:藝術及人文 (Arts and Humanities)

2021 大學科系排行:工程及科技 (Engineering and Technology)

2021 大學科系排行:生物科學及醫藥 (Life Sciences and Medicine)

2021 大學科系排行:自然科學 (Natural Sciences)

2021 大學科系排行:社會科學及管理 (Social Sciences and Management)

2021 商學院排行:商業分析 (Masters in Business Analytics)

2021 商學院排行:金融 (Masters in Finance)

2021 商學院排行:管理 (Masters in Management)

2021 商學院排行:行銷 (Masters in Marketing)

2021 商學院排行:供應鏈管理 (Masters in Supply Chain Management)


大學排行表到底準不准,為什麼不同排行表的順序都不同?哪個排名最可信?

每個排行表會用各自的因素跟比重去排名。作為一個理智的學生或家長,你在相信任何事之前都要先問why:為什麼這個排行表的第 1 名是哈佛,第 21 名是波士頓大學,為什麼 US News 的順序很不同?

雖然看排行表很刺激(?),但看排名之前,第一件事一定是要看它的排名方式。我們在文章的最前面先放的QS 的排名算分方式,對QS 來說,就業能力、多元化、學習經歷、跟研究大概都各佔四分之一的比重,但US News 對於“來自其他大學人員對該大學的聲望” (reputation from other institutions) 的比重就佔12.5%。不同的表有不同的公式,排名順序當然不同。

那哪個最有公信力?一件事可不可信是來自你自己覺得合不合理。雖然US News 最有名,但如果你認為大學評分比重最重要的事情是“學生滿意度”、“教授教學滿意度”、“校園生活快樂指數”、“畢業後薪水”、“就業率”、“升遷率”,那你就0% 不能相信US News,因為US News 的評分方式完全不納入以上這些項目!看完一個排名的評分方式,如果你80% 同意他的算法,那這個表的可信度就是80%,如果你認為他的評分方式(項目,比重)是完美的,那你就該100%相信他的排名。

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