2021 QS 世界大學

QS 2021世界大學排名出爐!

Also in: 简中 (简中)

繼上個月 QS 公佈了 2020 美國大學排名之後,6月 QS 接著公佈 2021 世界大學排名,麻省理工 (MIT) 今年是連續第九年成為排行榜的龍頭,史丹佛大學(Stanford),哈佛大學 (Harvard University),加州理工 (Cal Tech),及劍橋大學 (University of Oxford) 則分別為2021年的前二到五名。這裡我們整理世界大學排名以及台灣大學的排名


QS 排名評分標準

我們都會跟學生強調,一定要了解每個不同的排名的標準。不同的排名機構對大學的條件有主觀的認知,也都有不同的算法,學生跟家長應該要先理解排名評分的算法,如果您認同這個算法,這個排行表對您才有意義。

QS 依照以下 6 大類為大學做評分:

1. 學術聲望 (Academic reputation) (40%)

在所有指標中,學術聲望的分數是佔比最高的。QS 搜集了超過100,000位在高等教育領域裡從事教育與研究品質專家的意見。這份全球最大的學術意見調查可以分析學術人士對不同學校的情感。

2. 企業聲望 (Employer reputation) (10%)

學生將會持續把大學教育視為進入就業市場的重要準備。所以對於全球的學生來說,學校排名即是評估該學校是否提供這樣的完善準備的指標。雇主聲譽指標是由QS雇主調查中的50,000份問卷中分析得出的數據,並在調查當中要求雇主從這些學校中識別出最具競爭力、創新性及高效能的畢業生。

3. 師生比例 (Faculty/Student ratio) (20%)

學生以排名來比較學校時,通常將教學品質視為最重要的指標,但這項指標十分難以測量。不過,師生比例是衡量教學品質最有效的指標之一。這個數據能夠評估哪間學校能提供學生與導師之間進行有意義的交流,如果有多位教師可以輔導一位學生將能減輕每位教學者的負擔。

4. 引述比例 (Citations per faculty) (20%)

教學是教育機構的其中一項關鍵的使命,另一項就是論文產出了。我們利用教師論文平均被引用的數量來當指標,衡量教育機構的研究品質。我們採用五年間該機構的學者的所有被引用的論文總數來計算比例。所有引文數據來自世界最大的學術期刊數據資料庫-Elsevier Scopus 資料庫。

5-6. 國際職員比例 / 國際學生比例 (International faculty ratio / International student ratio) (各5%)

一間高度國際化的大學應具備一些優勢以吸引從世界各地而來的老師與學生,讓學校成為一個強勢的國際品牌。一間成功營運著國際高等教育的機構會提供給學生及教職員跨國的多元環境,促進最佳實踐與信念的交流,同時讓學生意識到全球的走向:軟技能對於雇主越來越有價值。

這兩項指標各佔總數的5%。


QS 的世界排名可信嗎?跟 CWUR 世界排名及 “最具公信力的 US News” 相比呢?

大學排名有此一說是給亞洲家長跟學生看的,因為亞洲學生跟家長不懂,所以大家就很容易被(留學機構)帶風向,很少人會停下來問why跟質疑他的公正性。像是 “大家都說 US News 最有權威最具公信力” 這類的話,我們就認為很荒謬。

“可不可信” 是主觀的,學生看排名之前要先看排名的算法跟比重,然後評估 “你有多認同這種評分方式?” 如果你100%認同他的算分方式跟比重,那這個排名,至少對你來說,就是 100% 最公正最可信的。如果你只認同一半,或只在意其中一半的數據,那它對你就只有50%的可信度,以此類推。

講到 US News,Ivy-Way 過去 11 年訪談不下 1000 位學生,他們都認為 “學生就讀滿意度”、”教授教學品質”、“課外活動機會”、“大學生活品質”、“校園便利性”、“就業率”、“畢業後薪水”、“升遷機會” 是他們在意的。如果你也認同這些很重要,那 US News Report 的排名對你的可信度跟公信力就是 0%,因為這些全部都不是 US News Report 的考量範圍內!

記得這段所說的:心裡先想哪些數據對你來說覺得重要,那些數據個別有多重要。對世界大學排名感興趣的學生跟家長,我們強烈建議把這篇 QS 世界大學排名跟之前的 CWUR 世界排名 兩篇文章做對比,看看這兩個排行表的排名評分標準,看看你的標準比較接近 QS 還是 CWUR 的評分標準,那個世界大學排行表對你就是比較可信的排名。另外,如果如果跟你心中的標準跟那個排名的標準有至少 50%的相似度,那它就有值得你參考的價值!


2021 世界大學排行表

前10名中有5所大學來自美國,有趣的是,常春藤盟校的八所大學中,只有哈佛大學擠進 top 10,而亞洲排名最高的學校是第11名的新加坡大學,比第12名的常春藤普林斯頓大學還高!

下面是世界排名的前200所大學:

學校總分學術聲望企業聲望師生比例國際職員國際學生引述比利
1Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)10010010010010091.999.1
2Stanford University98.410010010099.763.698.1
3Harvard University97.910010098.685.269.999.1
4California Institute of Technology (Caltech)979782.810010088.299.9
5University of Oxford96.710010010099.498.381.3
6ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology9598.796.680.810097.996.4
7University of Cambridge94.310010010010097.469.2
8Imperial College London93.698.599.899.910010068.6
9University of Chicago93.199.491.394.467.182.686.3
10UCL92.999.498.398.499.310065.4
11National University of Singapore (NUS)91.599.798.490.710071.472.9
12Princeton University9199.99968.671.665.6100
13Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)89.989.889.891.510067.689
14EPFL89.680.48096.310010098.5
15Tsinghua University89.298.298.693.355.329.783.2
16University of Pennsylvania88.696.191.510088.765.363.8
17Yale University8899.910010085.354.552.8
18Cornell University87.698.590.963.793.77088.6
19Columbia University86.599.797.310037.296.348.5
20The University of Edinburgh85.89895.483.198.29950.2
21University of Michigan-Ann Arbor84.698.992.789.474.841.358
22The University of Hong Kong83.798.176.383.810098.948
23Peking University83.599.299.176.469.734.364.9
24The University of Tokyo83.210099.692.310.726.162.5
25Johns Hopkins University82.786.74710066.387.775.9
26University of Toronto82.799.396.870.397.994.145.8
27The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology82.185.263.666.710088.992.1
28The University of Manchester82.195.397.472.792.998.848.4
29Northwestern University81.585.174.499.757.945.372.3
30University of California, Berkeley (UCB)80.810099.921.394.939.796.9
31The Australian National University8095.677.640.110099.677.8
32King’s College London8088.981.183.198.499.946.4
33McGill University8092.394.167.590.596.351.8
34Fudan University79.984.792.590.993.146.355.7
35New York University (NYU)79.495.896.596.737.39325.8
36University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)79.210099.74247.332.681.9
37Seoul National University7997.995.987.918.611.653.7
38Kyoto University78.998.696.9951619.842.6
39KAIST – Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology78.686.882.27024.79.797.4
40The University of Sydney77.197.495.321.410010069.6
41The University of Melbourne76.599.197.318.897.410065.4
42Duke University76.488.285.31005.95844.7
43The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)75.890.353.159.210091.562.6
44The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney)75.491.194.916.710099.278.4
45University of British Columbia74.897.189.653.189.578.837.4
46The University of Queensland74.58978.223.810099.979.6
47Shanghai Jiao Tong University74.482.590.960.46430.275.4
48City University of Hong Kong74.361.532.888.91009991.2
49The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)73.975.899.641.910010074
50Technical University of Munich73.683.898.589.763.484.722.4
51Carnegie Mellon University73.473.372.45165.399.489.8
52Université PSL73.375.597.510064.568.431.6
53Zhejiang University71.969.391.19098.174.240
54University of California, San Diego (UCSD)71.291.950.461.359.964.352.7
55Monash University70.99088.714.110010064.2
56Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech)70.873.390.483.427.62862.6
57Delft University of Technology70.770.787.943.999.885.675.8
58University of Bristol70.675.582.970.891.580.644.8
59Universiti Malaya (UM)70.174.184.682.168.744.547.7
60Brown University7060.258.18282.953.482.3
61University of Amsterdam69.982.355.635.484.561.683.3
62Ecole Polytechnique69.941.898.799.895.89965.8
63The University of Warwick6974.39247.898.199.251.4
64Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München68.992.980.749.157.636.243.9
65Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg68.680.641.899.152.349.534.2
66University of Wisconsin-Madison68.285.649.572.734.727.654.9
67National Taiwan University (NTU)67.591.887.538.719.138.754.8
68Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA)67.588.390.877.960.471.82.5
69Korea University67.175.291.784.91553.335.4
70University of Zurich67.159.760.69810059.845.9
71University of Texas at Austin66.79483.412.46.516.284
72Osaka University66.180.179.678.920.31441.3
73University of Washington66.185.94913.739.739.598.8
74Lomonosov Moscow State University65.977.382.899.820.176.87.4
75The Hong Kong Polytechnic University65.866.340.87810080.251
76University of Copenhagen65.572.838.710091.826.531.2
77Pohang University of Science And Technology (POSTECH)64.64354.699.933.8398.7
78University of Glasgow64.67366.860.493.897.133.5
79Tohoku University64.369.372.498.111.816.939.6
80Georgia Institute of Technology64.168.876.49.27164.899.9
81The University of Auckland6484.955.925.497.694.547
82University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign63.487.452.110.818.860.483.7
83Sorbonne University63.390.147.438.93457.149.3
84KU Leuven6383.455.59.490.736.177.5
85Yonsei University62.568.387.785.112.145.331
86Durham University62.25890.233.197.988.768.3
87University of Birmingham6264.472.652.593.487.945.4
88Sungkyunkwan University(SKKU)61.560.275.684.920.139.347.7
89Rice University61.439.625.380.888.89287.5
90University of Southampton61.350.952.966.897.693.561.7
91University of Leeds61.270.678.14684.781.336.7
92The University of Western Australia6161.152.71910099.685.7
93The University of Sheffield60.861.458.662.285.39642.8
94University of Science and Technology of China60.853.919.977.724.16.199.2
95University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill60.668.149.784.432.610.544.8
96University of St Andrews60.34661.167.698.499.860.2
97Lund University60.27050.953.692.36939.9
98KTH Royal Institute of Technology59.546.263.664.898.357.468
99University of Nottingham596071.647.790.883.546.4
100Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)58.893.390.952.99.93.64
101Pennsylvania State University58.474.975.329.915.936.959.7
102Trinity College Dublin, The University of Dublin58.466.649.732.499.693.751.3
103Technical University of Denmark57.931.329.799.999.978.666
104University of Helsinki57.665.345.967.561.45.748.4
105Washington University in St. Louis56.943.315.599.88061.853.3
106The University of Adelaide56.855.53725.599.899.177.8
107University of Geneva56.850.923.448.510097.471.2
108The Ohio State University56.463.563.257.681.323.537.8
109Purdue University55.963.669.419.283.951.462.7
110Boston University55.86253.442.430.98854.3
111Nagoya University55.858.752.39014.820.435
112University of California, Davis55.368.733.928.775.168.456.1
113University of Oslo55.254.515.782.188.326.746.8
114Queen Mary University of London55.152.640.958.499.79940.4
115University of Bern54.930.238.770.910042.786.7
116Universidade de São Paulo54.888.667.420.58.23.138.1
117Wageningen University & Research54.84022.296.945.579.853.1
118Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin54.589.857.5105031.132.2
119Université de Montréal54.355.153.666.888.859.729.1
120University of Alberta5454.637.750.591.279.947.2
121Eindhoven University of Technology53.930.478.155.299.744.976.6
122Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (UC)53.887.796.424.218.63.914.1
123University of Southern California53.858.155.134.13284.360.5
124Utrecht University53.8663438.959.92558.3
125Kyushu University53.754.662.586.714.420.431.2
126Nanjing University53.759.723.42871.49.587.6
127Uppsala University53.766.327.742.866.335.352.5
128Aalto University53.643.44353.693.235.472.5
129Leiden University53.469.232.225.882.248.152.6
130University of Groningen53.450.628.162.69286.543.2
131Freie Universitaet Berlin53.280.948.44.263.646.646.7
132KIT, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology52.946.28527.460.160.570.3
133Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)52.750.552.876.158.186.522.3
134University of Technology Sydney52.645.378.88.898.194.974.4
135Lancaster University52.540.63145.693.795.471.3
136Ghent University52.553.723.58368.419.137.1
137Politecnico di Milano52.46782.65.346.449.655.9
138CentraleSupélec52.315.699.989.165.686.151.9
139Chalmers University of Technology52.228.358.668.298.860.365.6
140Hokkaido University52.254608017.916.232.7
141Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)5253.855.793.331.240.811.9
142Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)51.95660.576.237.649.917.6
143King Abdulaziz University (KAU)51.736.352.469995750.2
144McMaster University51.540.747.681.499.348.132.4
145RWTH Aachen University51.451.995.87.443.770.368.1
146Hanyang University51.346.578.377.123.131.931.9
147Aarhus University5154.640.932.684.91765.6
148Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)50.854.17550.338.274.428.2
149University of Basel50.628.428.545.310087.188.3
150University of Vienna50.369.242.724.398.190.318.7
151University of York50.342.641.458.489.569.945.7
152Newcastle University50.243.776.839.687.681.241.8
153University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)50.26019.311.455.329.487.1
154University of Maryland, College Park50.253.131.549.927.522.565
155Tecnológico de Monterrey49.941.788.387.396.716.15.2
156University of Pittsburgh49.743.919.696.78.619.445.6
157Michigan State University49.661.565.615.46226.952.9
158Emory University49.125.814.598.550.141.163.9
159Cardiff University48.547.439.44881.77738.9
160Alma Mater Studiorum – University of Bologna48.279.646.44.712.111.946.3
161École Normale Supérieure de Lyon48.133.310.194.653.718.954.7
162Case Western Reserve University47.419.718.786.555.374.567.8
163University of Florida47.449.751.975.320.612.926.8
164The University of Exeter47.239.760.342.690.679.440.2
165Al-Farabi Kazakh National University46.94263.198.24230.71.4
166University of Rochester46.825.511.399.963.592.937.1
167University of Waterloo46.839.677.57.976.483.467
168National Tsing Hua University46.449.558.134.819.41858.3
169Texas A&M University46.260.759.98.125.219.159.2
170University of Lausanne46.235.121.556.799.56251.7
171Sapienza University of Rome46.178.433.85.14.810.546.3
172Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)4650.474.236.23.91.653.1
173Technische Universität Dresden45.937.661.183.735.734.121.5
174University of Bath45.936.167.724.898.190.450
175Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen45.845.622.689.545.82617.8
176Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet Freiburg45.85218.735.762.443.951.8
177The Hebrew University of Jerusalem45.737.429.579.865.49.939.2
178University College Dublin45.749.241.628.897.663.239
179University of Minnesota Twin Cities45.764.326.231.97.11548.1
180Universidad de Chile45.673.991.213.89.57.415
181Stockholm University45.555.115.62987.541.546.9
182University of Liverpool45.542.93148.686.793.830.9
183Universitat de Barcelona45.470.238.120.96.632.135.5
184University of Otago45.35336.517.61005943.5
185Indian Institute of Science44.931.818.349.81.41.6100
186King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals44.727.721.180.710018.146.1
187Universiti Teknologi Malaysia44.239.451.664.427.663.927.8
188Vanderbilt University44.226.924.710023.531.539.7
189Université catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain)44.150.237.27.687.239.960.9
190Waseda University44.158.693.630.63136.77.6
191Keio University4449.58760.812.211.79.6
192Vienna University of Technology4432.352.710.275.28677.5
193Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD)43.944.364.528.42.31.567.8
194University of Bergen43.433.68.277.987.38.842.4
195University of Göttingen43.34917.965.549.92524.3
196University of Wollongong43.231.334.519.291.88671
197Erasmus University Rotterdam43.13463.732.482.25946.7
198The University of Newcastle, Australia (UON)43.133.527.932.499.944.664.7
199University of Twente43.120.840.436.896.186.569.8
200Universidad Autónoma de Madrid42.857.155.442.38.81223.3
來源:QS世界排名

2021 台灣大學排行表

台灣的大學在世界排行中以台大的 66 名為最高,前四名如預期的分別為台大,清大,成大,及交大。下面我們列出有進世界前1000名大學的台灣大學:

台灣#國際#學校總分學術聲望企業聲望師生比例國際職員國際學生引述比利
166國立台灣大學67.591.887.538.719.138.754.8
2168國立清華大學46.449.558.134.819.41858.3
3234國立成功大學38.94160.935.8172335
4240國立交通大學38.229.764.940.73021.444.5
5267國立台灣科技大學3624.82858.523.240.840.7
6298國立陽明大學34.414.815.299.95.66.530.9
7331國立台灣師範大學31.8311168.512.831.610.8
8387台北醫科大學28.69.91284.82017.122.4
9416國立中山大學27.22518.233.815.610.236.1
10465國立中央大學25.221.318.232.815.422.131.4
11488國立台北科技大學24.512.733.134.624.921.133.5
12493長庚大學24.24.74.259.63.1746.6
13581-590國立政治大學18.630.128.953.8
14601-650國立中興大學27.122.9
15701-750高雄醫科大學42.523.8
16801-1000國立中正大學

CWUR vs. QS:你更同意哪種評分方式?

看完 QS 2021 世界大學排名,我們建議您跟 CWUR 2021 世界大學排名做比較。記得要如何評估哪個排名更適合你,對你來說更 “公正”、更有參考價值嗎?如果不太記得,請往上再次閱讀 “QS 的排名可信嗎?跟 CWUR 以及 ‘最具公信力的 US News’ 相比呢?” 的內容喔!

你更同意 QS 的評分方式,還是 CWUR 的呢?

Also in: 简中 (简中)

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