2021 QS 世界大學

QS 2021世界大学排名出炉!

Also in: 繁中 (繁中)

继上个月 QS 公佈了 2020 美国大学排名之后,6月QS 接着公布2021 世界大学排名,麻省理工(MIT) 今年是连续第九年成为排行榜的龙头,史丹佛大学(Stanford),哈佛大学(Harvard University),加州理工(Cal Tech) ,及剑桥大学(University of Oxford) 则分别为2021年的前二到五名。这里我们整理世界大学排名以及台湾大学的排名!


QS 排名评分标准

我们都会跟学生强调,一定要了解每个不同的排名的标准。不同的排名机构对大学的条件有主观的认知,也都有不同的算法,学生跟家长应该要先理解排名评分的算法,如果您认同这个算法,这个排行表对您才有意义。

QS 依照以下 6 大類為大學做評分:

1. 学术声望 (Academic reputation) (40%)

在所有指标中,学术声望的分数是占比最高的。 QS 搜集了超过100,000位在高等教育领域里从事教育与研究品质专家的意见。这份全球最大的学术意见调查可以分析学术人士对不同学校的情感。

2. 企业声望 (Employer reputation) (10%)

学生将会持续把大学教育视为进入就业市场的重要准备。所以对于全球的学生来说,学校排名即是评估该学校是否提供这样的完善准备的指标。雇主声誉指标是由QS雇主调查中的50,000份问卷中分析得出的数据,并在调查当中要求雇主从这些学校中识别出最具竞争力、创新性及高效能的毕业生。

3. 师生比例 (Faculty/Student ratio) (20%)

学生以排名来比较学校时,通常将教学品质视为最重要的指标,但这项指标十分难以测量。不过,师生比例是衡量教学品质最有效的指标之一。这个数据能够评估哪间学校能提供学生与导师之间进行有意义的交流,如果有多位教师可以辅导一位学生将能减轻每位教学者的负担。

4. 引述比例 (Citations per faculty) (20%)

教学是教育机构的其中一项关键的使命,另一项就是论文产出了。我们利用教师论文平均被引用的数量来当指标,衡量教育机构的研究品质。我们采用五年间该机构的学者的所有被引用的论文总数来计算比例。所有引文数据来自世界最大的学术期刊数据资料库-Elsevier Scopus 资料库。

5-6. 国际职员比例 / 国际学生比例 (International faculty ratio / International student ratio) (各5%)

一间高度国际化的大学应具备一些优势以吸引从世界各地而来的老师与学生,让学校成为一个强势的国际品牌。一间成功营运着国际高等教育的机构会提供给学生及教职员跨国的多元环境,促进最佳实践与信念的交流,同时让学生意识到全球的走向:软技能对于雇主越来越有价值。

这两项指标各占总数的5%。


QS 的世界排名可信吗?跟 CWUR 世界排名及 “最具公信力的 US News” 相比呢?

大学排名有此一说是给亚洲家长跟学生看的,因为亚洲学生跟家长不懂,所以大家就很容易被(留学机构)带风向,很少人会停下来问why跟质疑他的公正性。像是 “大家都说 US News 最有权威最具公信力” 这类的话,我们就认为很荒谬。

“可不可信”可不可信” 是主观的,学生看排名之前要先看排名的算法跟比重,然后评估 “你有多认同这种评​​分方式? ” 如果你100%认同他的算分方式跟比重,那这个排名,至少对你来说,就是100% 最公正最可信的。如果你只认同一半,或只在意其中一半的数据,那它对你就只有50%的可信度,以此类推。

讲到US News,Ivy-Way 过去11 年访谈不下1000 位学生,他们都认为“学生就读满意度”、”教授教学品质”、“课外活动机会”、“大学生活品质”、“校园便利性” 、“就业率”、“毕业后薪水”、“升迁机会” 是他们在意的。如果你也认同这些很重要,那 US News Report 的排名对你的可信度跟公信力就是 0%,因为这些全部都不是 US News Report 的考量范围内!

记得这段所说的:心里先想哪些数据对你来说觉得重要,那些数据个别有多重要。对世界大学排名感兴趣的学生跟家长,我们强烈建议把这篇 QS 世界大学排名跟之前的 CWUR 世界排名 两篇文章做对比,看看这两个排行表的排名评分标准,看看你的标准比较接近 QS 还是 CWUR 的评分标准,那个世界大学排行表对你就是比较可信的排名。另外,如果如果跟你心中的标准跟那个排名的标准有至少 50%的相似度,那它就有值得你参考的价值!


2021 世界大学排行表

前10名中有5所大学来自美国,有趣的是,常春藤盟校的八所大学中,只有哈佛大学挤进top 10,而亚洲排名最高的学校是第11名的新加坡大学,比第12名的常春藤普林斯顿大学还高!

下面是世界排名的前200所大学:

学校总分学术声望企业声望师生比例国际职员国际学生引述比利
1Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)10010010010010091.999.1
2Stanford University98.410010010099.763.698.1
3Harvard University97.910010098.685.269.999.1
4California Institute of Technology (Caltech)979782.810010088.299.9
5University of Oxford96.710010010099.498.381.3
6ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology9598.796.680.810097.996.4
7University of Cambridge94.310010010010097.469.2
8Imperial College London93.698.599.899.910010068.6
9University of Chicago93.199.491.394.467.182.686.3
10UCL92.999.498.398.499.310065.4
11National University of Singapore (NUS)91.599.798.490.710071.472.9
12Princeton University9199.99968.671.665.6100
13Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)89.989.889.891.510067.689
14EPFL89.680.48096.310010098.5
15Tsinghua University89.298.298.693.355.329.783.2
16University of Pennsylvania88.696.191.510088.765.363.8
17Yale University8899.910010085.354.552.8
18Cornell University87.698.590.963.793.77088.6
19Columbia University86.599.797.310037.296.348.5
20The University of Edinburgh85.89895.483.198.29950.2
21University of Michigan-Ann Arbor84.698.992.789.474.841.358
22The University of Hong Kong83.798.176.383.810098.948
23Peking University83.599.299.176.469.734.364.9
24The University of Tokyo83.210099.692.310.726.162.5
25Johns Hopkins University82.786.74710066.387.775.9
26University of Toronto82.799.396.870.397.994.145.8
27The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology82.185.263.666.710088.992.1
28The University of Manchester82.195.397.472.792.998.848.4
29Northwestern University81.585.174.499.757.945.372.3
30University of California, Berkeley (UCB)80.810099.921.394.939.796.9
31The Australian National University8095.677.640.110099.677.8
32King’s College London8088.981.183.198.499.946.4
33McGill University8092.394.167.590.596.351.8
34Fudan University79.984.792.590.993.146.355.7
35New York University (NYU)79.495.896.596.737.39325.8
36University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)79.210099.74247.332.681.9
37Seoul National University7997.995.987.918.611.653.7
38Kyoto University78.998.696.9951619.842.6
39KAIST – Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology78.686.882.27024.79.797.4
40The University of Sydney77.197.495.321.410010069.6
41The University of Melbourne76.599.197.318.897.410065.4
42Duke University76.488.285.31005.95844.7
43The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)75.890.353.159.210091.562.6
44The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney)75.491.194.916.710099.278.4
45University of British Columbia74.897.189.653.189.578.837.4
46The University of Queensland74.58978.223.810099.979.6
47Shanghai Jiao Tong University74.482.590.960.46430.275.4
48City University of Hong Kong74.361.532.888.91009991.2
49The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)73.975.899.641.910010074
50Technical University of Munich73.683.898.589.763.484.722.4
51Carnegie Mellon University73.473.372.45165.399.489.8
52Université PSL73.375.597.510064.568.431.6
53Zhejiang University71.969.391.19098.174.240
54University of California, San Diego (UCSD)71.291.950.461.359.964.352.7
55Monash University70.99088.714.110010064.2
56Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech)70.873.390.483.427.62862.6
57Delft University of Technology70.770.787.943.999.885.675.8
58University of Bristol70.675.582.970.891.580.644.8
59Universiti Malaya (UM)70.174.184.682.168.744.547.7
60Brown University7060.258.18282.953.482.3
61University of Amsterdam69.982.355.635.484.561.683.3
62Ecole Polytechnique69.941.898.799.895.89965.8
63The University of Warwick6974.39247.898.199.251.4
64Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München68.992.980.749.157.636.243.9
65Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg68.680.641.899.152.349.534.2
66University of Wisconsin-Madison68.285.649.572.734.727.654.9
67National Taiwan University (NTU)67.591.887.538.719.138.754.8
68Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA)67.588.390.877.960.471.82.5
69Korea University67.175.291.784.91553.335.4
70University of Zurich67.159.760.69810059.845.9
71University of Texas at Austin66.79483.412.46.516.284
72Osaka University66.180.179.678.920.31441.3
73University of Washington66.185.94913.739.739.598.8
74Lomonosov Moscow State University65.977.382.899.820.176.87.4
75The Hong Kong Polytechnic University65.866.340.87810080.251
76University of Copenhagen65.572.838.710091.826.531.2
77Pohang University of Science And Technology (POSTECH)64.64354.699.933.8398.7
78University of Glasgow64.67366.860.493.897.133.5
79Tohoku University64.369.372.498.111.816.939.6
80Georgia Institute of Technology64.168.876.49.27164.899.9
81The University of Auckland6484.955.925.497.694.547
82University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign63.487.452.110.818.860.483.7
83Sorbonne University63.390.147.438.93457.149.3
84KU Leuven6383.455.59.490.736.177.5
85Yonsei University62.568.387.785.112.145.331
86Durham University62.25890.233.197.988.768.3
87University of Birmingham6264.472.652.593.487.945.4
88Sungkyunkwan University(SKKU)61.560.275.684.920.139.347.7
89Rice University61.439.625.380.888.89287.5
90University of Southampton61.350.952.966.897.693.561.7
91University of Leeds61.270.678.14684.781.336.7
92The University of Western Australia6161.152.71910099.685.7
93The University of Sheffield60.861.458.662.285.39642.8
94University of Science and Technology of China60.853.919.977.724.16.199.2
95University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill60.668.149.784.432.610.544.8
96University of St Andrews60.34661.167.698.499.860.2
97Lund University60.27050.953.692.36939.9
98KTH Royal Institute of Technology59.546.263.664.898.357.468
99University of Nottingham596071.647.790.883.546.4
100Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)58.893.390.952.99.93.64
101Pennsylvania State University58.474.975.329.915.936.959.7
102Trinity College Dublin, The University of Dublin58.466.649.732.499.693.751.3
103Technical University of Denmark57.931.329.799.999.978.666
104University of Helsinki57.665.345.967.561.45.748.4
105Washington University in St. Louis56.943.315.599.88061.853.3
106The University of Adelaide56.855.53725.599.899.177.8
107University of Geneva56.850.923.448.510097.471.2
108The Ohio State University56.463.563.257.681.323.537.8
109Purdue University55.963.669.419.283.951.462.7
110Boston University55.86253.442.430.98854.3
111Nagoya University55.858.752.39014.820.435
112University of California, Davis55.368.733.928.775.168.456.1
113University of Oslo55.254.515.782.188.326.746.8
114Queen Mary University of London55.152.640.958.499.79940.4
115University of Bern54.930.238.770.910042.786.7
116Universidade de São Paulo54.888.667.420.58.23.138.1
117Wageningen University & Research54.84022.296.945.579.853.1
118Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin54.589.857.5105031.132.2
119Université de Montréal54.355.153.666.888.859.729.1
120University of Alberta5454.637.750.591.279.947.2
121Eindhoven University of Technology53.930.478.155.299.744.976.6
122Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (UC)53.887.796.424.218.63.914.1
123University of Southern California53.858.155.134.13284.360.5
124Utrecht University53.8663438.959.92558.3
125Kyushu University53.754.662.586.714.420.431.2
126Nanjing University53.759.723.42871.49.587.6
127Uppsala University53.766.327.742.866.335.352.5
128Aalto University53.643.44353.693.235.472.5
129Leiden University53.469.232.225.882.248.152.6
130University of Groningen53.450.628.162.69286.543.2
131Freie Universitaet Berlin53.280.948.44.263.646.646.7
132KIT, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology52.946.28527.460.160.570.3
133Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)52.750.552.876.158.186.522.3
134University of Technology Sydney52.645.378.88.898.194.974.4
135Lancaster University52.540.63145.693.795.471.3
136Ghent University52.553.723.58368.419.137.1
137Politecnico di Milano52.46782.65.346.449.655.9
138CentraleSupélec52.315.699.989.165.686.151.9
139Chalmers University of Technology52.228.358.668.298.860.365.6
140Hokkaido University52.254608017.916.232.7
141Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)5253.855.793.331.240.811.9
142Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)51.95660.576.237.649.917.6
143King Abdulaziz University (KAU)51.736.352.469995750.2
144McMaster University51.540.747.681.499.348.132.4
145RWTH Aachen University51.451.995.87.443.770.368.1
146Hanyang University51.346.578.377.123.131.931.9
147Aarhus University5154.640.932.684.91765.6
148Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin)50.854.17550.338.274.428.2
149University of Basel50.628.428.545.310087.188.3
150University of Vienna50.369.242.724.398.190.318.7
151University of York50.342.641.458.489.569.945.7
152Newcastle University50.243.776.839.687.681.241.8
153University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)50.26019.311.455.329.487.1
154University of Maryland, College Park50.253.131.549.927.522.565
155Tecnológico de Monterrey49.941.788.387.396.716.15.2
156University of Pittsburgh49.743.919.696.78.619.445.6
157Michigan State University49.661.565.615.46226.952.9
158Emory University49.125.814.598.550.141.163.9
159Cardiff University48.547.439.44881.77738.9
160Alma Mater Studiorum – University of Bologna48.279.646.44.712.111.946.3
161École Normale Supérieure de Lyon48.133.310.194.653.718.954.7
162Case Western Reserve University47.419.718.786.555.374.567.8
163University of Florida47.449.751.975.320.612.926.8
164The University of Exeter47.239.760.342.690.679.440.2
165Al-Farabi Kazakh National University46.94263.198.24230.71.4
166University of Rochester46.825.511.399.963.592.937.1
167University of Waterloo46.839.677.57.976.483.467
168National Tsing Hua University46.449.558.134.819.41858.3
169Texas A&M University46.260.759.98.125.219.159.2
170University of Lausanne46.235.121.556.799.56251.7
171Sapienza University of Rome46.178.433.85.14.810.546.3
172Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)4650.474.236.23.91.653.1
173Technische Universität Dresden45.937.661.183.735.734.121.5
174University of Bath45.936.167.724.898.190.450
175Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen45.845.622.689.545.82617.8
176Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet Freiburg45.85218.735.762.443.951.8
177The Hebrew University of Jerusalem45.737.429.579.865.49.939.2
178University College Dublin45.749.241.628.897.663.239
179University of Minnesota Twin Cities45.764.326.231.97.11548.1
180Universidad de Chile45.673.991.213.89.57.415
181Stockholm University45.555.115.62987.541.546.9
182University of Liverpool45.542.93148.686.793.830.9
183Universitat de Barcelona45.470.238.120.96.632.135.5
184University of Otago45.35336.517.61005943.5
185Indian Institute of Science44.931.818.349.81.41.6100
186King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals44.727.721.180.710018.146.1
187Universiti Teknologi Malaysia44.239.451.664.427.663.927.8
188Vanderbilt University44.226.924.710023.531.539.7
189Université catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain)44.150.237.27.687.239.960.9
190Waseda University44.158.693.630.63136.77.6
191Keio University4449.58760.812.211.79.6
192Vienna University of Technology4432.352.710.275.28677.5
193Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD)43.944.364.528.42.31.567.8
194University of Bergen43.433.68.277.987.38.842.4
195University of Göttingen43.34917.965.549.92524.3
196University of Wollongong43.231.334.519.291.88671
197Erasmus University Rotterdam43.13463.732.482.25946.7
198The University of Newcastle, Australia (UON)43.133.527.932.499.944.664.7
199University of Twente43.120.840.436.896.186.569.8
200Universidad Autónoma de Madrid42.857.155.442.38.81223.3
來源:QS世界排名

2021 台湾大学排行表

台湾的大学在世界排行中以台大的 66 名为最高,前四名如预期的分别为台大,清大,成大,及交大。下面我们列出有进世界前1000名大学的台湾大学:

国际#国际#学校总分学术声望企业声望师生比例国际职员国际学生引述比利
166国立台湾大学67.591.887.538.719.138.754.8
2168国立清华大学46.449.558.134.819.41858.3
3234国立成功大学38.94160.935.8172335
4240国立交通大学38.229.764.940.73021.444.5
5267国立台湾科技大学3624.82858.523.240.840.7
6298国立阳明大学34.414.815.299.95.66.530.9
7331国立台湾师范大学31.8311168.512.831.610.8
8387台北医科大学28.69.91284.82017.122.4
9416国立中山大学27.22518.233.815.610.236.1
10465国立中央大学25.221.318.232.815.422.131.4
11488国立台北科技大学24.512.733.134.624.921.133.5
12493长庚大学24.24.74.259.63.1746.6
13581-590国立政治大学18.630.128.953.8
14601-650国立中兴大学27.122.9
15701-750高雄医科大学42.523.8
16801-1000国立中正大学

CWUR vs. QS:你更同意哪种评分方式?

看完 QS 2021 世界大学排名,我们建议您跟 CWUR 2021 世界大学排名做比较。记得要如何评估哪个排名更适合你,对你来说更 “公正”、更有参​​考价值吗?如果不太记得,请往上再次阅读 “QS 的排名可信吗?跟 CWUR 以及 ‘最具公信力的 US News’ 相比呢?” 的内容喔!

你更同意 QS 的评分方式,还是 CWUR 的呢?

Also in: 繁中 (繁中)

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