2020 大學排名QS

QS 2020美国大学排名出炉!

Also in: 繁中 (繁中)

今天 QS 第一次公布2020 美国大学排名,哈佛大学(Harvard University) 持续是美国大学的龙头,史丹佛大学(Stanford),麻省理工(MIT),UC柏克莱大学(UC Berkeley),及哥伦比亚大学(Columbia University)分别为今年全美的前二到五名。 QS 之前也做了世界大学排名,及不同科系的大学排名,这里我们做个整理!


排名评分标准

我们都会跟学生强调,一定要了解每个不同的排名的标准。不同的排名机构对大学的条件有主观的认知,也都有不同的算法,学生跟家长应该要先理解排名评分的算法,如果您认同这个算法,这个排行表对您才有意义。

QS 依照以下 4 大类(就业能力,多元化,学习经历,及研究)共 17 项目为大学做评分:

1. 就业能力 (Employability) (27%)

  • 公司对学校的评价 (Employer reputation) (10%)
  • 毕业生给学生的人脉 (Alumni outcomes) (10%)
  • 10年后的薪水 (Salary after 10 years) (7%)

2. 学生多元化及国际性 (Diversity & Internationalisation) (25%)

  • 男女薪资平等 (Gender pay gap) (2.5%)
  • 职员性别平等 (Faculty gender diversity) (2.5%)
  • 大学生获得助学金比例 (Ratio of undergraduate students receiving Pell grants) (5%)
  • 学生种族多元化 (Students’ ethnicity mix) (5%)
  • Fulbright奖学金数量 (Number of Fulbright recipients per institution) (5%)
  • 国际生比例 (Proportion of international students) (5%)

3. 学习经历 (Learning experience) (22%)

  • 提供给每位学生的教育支出 (Average instructional expenditure per FTE student)(10%)
  • 学生留校意愿 (Retention rate) (5%)
  • 助学金学生毕业率 (Pell grant student graduation rates compared with other students) (3.5%)
  • 师生比例 (Student-faculty ratio) (3.5%)

4. 研究 (Research) (26%)

  • 学术名声 (Academic reputation) (12.5%)
  • 论文引述数量 (Citation per paper) (7%)
  • 国际研究合作性 (International Research Network) (3.5%)
  • 企业合作率 (Partnerships with Employers per Faculty) (3%)

2020 美国大学排行表

常春藤大学包办了前10名中的6个名额(哈佛大学、哥伦比亚大学、耶鲁大学、宾州大学、普林斯顿大学、及康乃尔大学),波士顿大学 (Boston University) 今年也有 #21 的佳绩!

快来看看前 100 名有哪些学校吧!

排名学校总分就业能力多元化学习经历研究
1Harvard University93.31007696.8100
2Stanford University89.785.48496.893.8
3Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)87.178.78496.890.5
4University of California, Berkeley (UCB)79.2618281.493.5
5Columbia University7964.78496.874.1
6University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)78.360.48690.579
6Yale University78.369.67410073
8University of Pennsylvania76.166.67896.866.7
9Princeton University75.761.97696.872
10Cornell University73.558.88090.967.8
11New York University (NYU)72.956.88689.163.3
12University of Chicago71.851.17296.871.8
13Duke University70.554.87210060.6
14Johns Hopkins University70.248.57810060
15University of Southern California68.553.27696.853.3
16Northwestern University67.248.810061.8
17Carnegie Mellon University66.549.27293.656.3
18University of Michigan-Ann Arbor66.353.581.467.3
19California Institute of Technology (Caltech)66.145.596.863.7
20Brown University65.845.710053.7
21Boston University64.342.27689.155.1
21Rice University64.334.97696.856
23Georgetown University64.148.296.8
24University of Washington62.538.58058.5
25University of Texas at Austin62.439.88064.5
26University of California, San Diego (UCSD)62.38462.4
27Emory University61.17492.352.5
28University of California, Davis60.98683.250.9
28Washington University in St. Louis60.941.196.853.7
30University of Rochester60.87296.8
30Vanderbilt University60.83596.852
32Georgia Institute of Technology60.449.257.4
33University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign59.942.57457.6
34George Washington University59.137.686.4
35Tufts University58.639.890.9
35University of Florida58.635.255
37Dartmouth College58.444.687.7
38University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill58.336.684.557.2
39University of Miami57.934.989.1
40University of Notre Dame57.845.784.5
41Rutgers University–New Brunswick57.68254.1
41University of California, Irvine57.68251.7
43Case Western Reserve University57.538.18052.4
43University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC)57.582
45Stony Brook University, State University of New York56.88080
46University at Buffalo SUNY56.67680
47Pennsylvania State University56.437.355.5
48Boston College56.340.987.7
48University of Maryland, College Park56.338.655.5
50University of Virginia55.84281.452.4
51Syracuse University55.535.574
52University of Wisconsin-Madison55.437.559.2
53Purdue University55.137.253.7
54Northeastern University54.9
55University of Minnesota Twin Cities54.657
56Michigan State University54.33653.5
57Brandeis University54.27883.2
58The Ohio State University5455.3
59Drexel University53.9
60University of Massachusetts Amherst53.652.4
61Temple University53.2
62North Carolina State University52.6
62University of Colorado Boulder52.654
64Lehigh University52.537.287.7
64Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute52.536.883.2
66University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa51.972
67Tulane University51.783.2
68Howard University51.37483.2
68The University of Arizona51.351.1
68University of Maryland, Baltimore County51.374
71Binghamton University SUNY51.1
71Illinois Institute of Technology51.1
73University of Pittsburgh5153.8
74New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT)50.8
75University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)50.756.7
76University of the Pacific50.683.2
77Texas A&M University50.554.3
78University of Denver50.389.1
79University of Massachusetts Boston50.182
80William & Mary49.8
80Florida State University49.8
82San Diego State University49.780
82University of Connecticut49.7
82Virginia Commonwealth University49.7
85Indiana University Bloomington49.4
85Worcester Polytechnic Institute49.434.3
87University of Houston49.3
88University of San Francisco49.274
89The University of Georgia49.1
89University of Oklahoma49.1
91Arizona State University4980
92Wake Forest University48.980
93Southern Methodist University48.8
94Andrews University48.678
94University of California, Santa Cruz48.672
94University of Oregon48.6
97University of Texas Dallas48.5
98Santa Clara University48.434.9
98University of Louisville – School of Public Health & Information Sciences48.4
100George Mason University48.3
来源:topuniversities

世界大学排行表

因为评分项目不同,MIT 跟史丹佛在世界大学排行表中占一二名,哈佛大学则是掉到第三名。世界前十名的大学中,有九所来自美国或英国:

排名學校總分論文引述比例國際學生國際教職員師生比例企業印象學術聲望
1Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)10099.894.1100100100100
2Stanford University98.498.667.799.8100100100
3Harvard University97.499.662.286.398.7100100
4University of Oxford97.284.798.599.7100100100
5California Institute of Technology (Caltech)96.910087.399.410081.297.8
6ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology95.998.4981008596.798.4
7University of Cambridge9574.297.6100100100100
8UCL94.876.710099.198.198.799.3
9Imperial College London94.172.110010099.899.998.6
10University of Chicago9278.58170.296.593.799.5
11Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)91.888.874.210093.993.892.1
11National University of Singapore (NUS)91.875.776.410088.399.299.8
13Princeton University90.910067.664.970.798.699.9
14Cornell University89.395.172.393.865.790.498.7
15University of Pennsylvania88.967.663.68410093.795.8
16Tsinghua University88.680.430.16892.499.197.4
17Yale University87.753.557.478.110099.999.9
18Columbia University87.45396.940.110097.699.7
18EPFL87.498.910010096.677.675.6
20The University of Edinburgh86.25398.69885.693.797.5
21University of Michigan-Ann Arbor8661.644.179.79194.498.9
22Peking University84.37336.970.772.399.699.1
22The University of Tokyo84.367.926.211.193.399.1100
24Johns Hopkins University83.977.681.568.810052.688.3
25Duke University83.880.359.312.499.484.289
25The University of Hong Kong83.844.599.110087.282.697.3
27The University of Manchester82.751.598.692.674.197.794.9
28University of California, Berkeley (UCB)82.697.739.792.430.999.9100
29The Australian National University82.187.499.810037.581.396.9
29University of Toronto82.143.99397.771.596.398.9
31Northwestern University81.562.84976.110080.285.9
32The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology80.689.587.510059.571.385
33King’s College London80.55299.898.582.380.488.5
33Kyoto University80.553.217.515.496.392.598.7
35McGill University80.458.496.293.763.393.892.2
35University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)80.488.338.250.440.699.7100
37Seoul National University79.661.611.919.28891.196.9
38The University of Melbourne79.57510097.624.198.199.2
39New York University (NYU)78.82493.433.597.695.695.9
40Fudan University78.657.842.992.786.593.883.4
41KAIST – Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology77.998.110.125.873.974.585
42The University of Sydney77.870.910010023.696.497.5
43The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney)77.184.598.510019.895.791.2
44The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)7791.110010034.899.778.9
45University of California, San Diego (UCSD)76.678.470.360.860.351.892.2
46The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)75.956.291.710067.761.587.9
47The University of Queensland75.781.899.510027.782.288.5
48Carnegie Mellon University74.894.399.983.643.577.575.2
49University of Bristol74.561.875.689.472.884.276.6
50Delft University of Technology74.29087.899.346.488.271.2
51University of British Columbia74.142.279.390.8468997
52City University of Hong Kong73.689.495.310089.741.359
53Université PSL73.426.272.167.110098.677.7
54Zhejiang University72.463.962.995.478.686.567.7
55Technical University of Munich72.326.976.860.689.19980.2
56University of Wisconsin-Madison71.85030.957.285.549.787.8
57Brown University71.586.6568681.158.261.9
58Monash University70.964.299.910017.191.988
58Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech)70.961.331.330.786.282.774.5
60Ecole Polytechnique70.566.397.995.299.699.343.8
60Shanghai Jiao Tong University70.565.520.184.153.793.679.6
62The University of Warwick70.450.399.197.855.394.174.4
63Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München69.645.737.761.552.683.291.1
64University of Amsterdam6975.952.579.544.85681.1
65University of Texas at Austin68.693.418.66.912.183.394.2
66Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg68.434.844.252.896.750.680
67University of Glasgow68.25596.593.763.758.972.2
68University of Washington67.999.240.555.817.451.486.1
69National Taiwan University (NTU)67.359.730.420.841.982.489.8
70Universiti Malaya (UM)67.141.557.262.890.77268.2
71Osaka University66.546.214.323.180.367.580.8
72Georgia Institute of Technology66.210065.860.415.181.771.1
74Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA)662.464.750.777.491.387.2
75University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign65.986.367.219.313.558.189
76University of Zurich65.838.759.410099.764.558.6
77Sorbonne University64.936.256.547.859.745.989.2
78Durham University64.277.987.297.235.991.257.3
78The University of Sheffield64.261.494.187.96158.761.3
80KU Leuven64.185.337.59011.864.379.1
81University of Birmingham6449.385.791.854.878.865.6
81University of Copenhagen63.825.529.492.610043.970.1
82Tohoku University63.743.117.612.798.259.169.5
83Korea University63.435.444.715.283.18570
83The University of Auckland63.444.891.894.42562.884.2
84Lomonosov Moscow State University63.27.256.11899.784.973.6
85Rice University63.193.690.689.88422.740.1
86The University of Western Australia62.988.398.710020.859.862.4
87Pohang University of Science And Technology (POSTECH)62.699.33.635.399.940.841.3
89University of Science and Technology of China62.398.55.716.981.126.156.2
90University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill62.24611.335.688.353.368.7
91The Hong Kong Polytechnic University61.946.374.810074.143.761.3
92Lund University61.851.970.189.350.154.369.6
93Pennsylvania State University61.767.838.621.431.680.476.5
93University of Leeds61.741.681.884.145.581.269.2
95Sungkyunkwan University(SKKU)6149.338.121.385.774.658.4
96University of Nottingham60.849.782.192.152.473.260.3
97University of Southampton60.668.192.896.15952.550.8
98Boston University60.562.188.633.853.857.563.1
98KTH Royal Institute of Technology60.572.848.796.96368.447.5
100University of St Andrews59.967.499.898.765.351.645.2
來源:topuniversities

其他的大学排行表

除了美国大学,QS 也有以下不同的大学排行表:

2020 全世界大学排名

2020 大学科系排行:艺术及人文 (Arts and Humanities)

2020 大学科系排行:工程及科技 (Engineering and Technology)

2020 大学科系排行:生物科学及医药 (Life Sciences and Medicine)

2020 大学科系排行:自然科学 (Natural Sciences)

2020 大学科系排行:社会科学及管理 (Social Sciences and Management)

2020 商学院排行:商业分析 (Masters in Business Analytics)

2020 商学院排行:金融 (Masters in Business Analytics)

2020 商学院排行:管理 (Masters in Management)

2020 商学院排行:行销 (Masters in Marketing)

更多大学排行


大学排行表到底准不准,为什么不同排行表的顺序都不同?哪个排名最可信?

每个排行表会用各自的因素跟比重去排名。作为一个理智的学生或家长,你在相信任何事之前都要先问why:为什么这个排行表的第 1 名是哈佛,第 21 名是波士顿大学,为什么 US News 的顺序很不同?

虽然看排行表很刺激(?),但看排名之前,第一件事一定是要看它的排名方式。我们在文章的最前面先放的QS 的排名算分方式,对QS 来说,就业能力、多元化、学习经历、跟研究大概都各占四分之一的比重,但US News 对于“来自其他大学人员对该大学的声望” (reputation from other institutions) 的比重就占12.5%。不同的表有不同的公式,排名顺序当然不同。

那哪个最有公信力?一件事可不可信是来自你自己觉得合不合理。虽然US News 最有名,但如果你认为大学评分比重最重要的事情是“学生满意度”、“教授教学满意度”、“校园生活快乐指数”、“毕业后薪水”、“就业率”、“升迁率”,那你就0% 不能相信US News,因为US News 的评分方式完全不纳入以上这些项目!看完一个排名的评分方式,如果你80% 同意他的算法,那这个表的可信度就是80%,如果你认为他的评分方式(项目,比重)是完美的,那你就该100%相信他的排名。

Also in: 繁中 (繁中)

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