QS 2022世界大學排名

QS 2022世界大學排名出爐!

前幾天 QS 公佈了 2022 世界大學排名,今年仍然由麻省理工拔得頭籌,目前美國大學排名尚未公佈,如果有最新消息將會持續更新給大家!


排名評分標準

我們都會跟學生強調,一定要了解每個不同的排名的標準。不同的排名機構對大學的條件有主觀的認知,也都有不同的算法,學生跟家長應該要先理解排名評分的算法,如果您認同這個算法,這個排行表對您才有意義。

QS 依照以下 4 大類(就業能力,多元化,學習經歷,及研究)共 17 項目為大學做評分:

1. 就業能力 (Employability) (27%)

  • 公司對學校的評價 (Employer reputation) (10%)
  • 畢業生給學生的人脈 (Alumni outcomes) (10%)
  • 10年後的薪水 (Salary after 10 years) (7%)

2. 學生多元化及國際性 (Diversity & Internationalisation) (25%)

  • 男女薪資平等 (Gender pay gap) (2.5%)
  • 職員性別平等 (Faculty gender diversity) (2.5%)
  • 大學生獲得助學金比例 (Ratio of undergraduate students receiving Pell grants) (5%)
  • 學生種族多元化 (Students’ ethnicity mix) (5%)
  • Fulbright獎學金數量 (Number of Fulbright recipients per institution) (5%)
  • 國際生比例 (Proportion of international students) (5%)

3. 學習經歷(Learning experience) (22%)

  • 提供給每位學生的教育支出 (Average instructional expenditure per FTE student)(10%)
  • 學生留校意願 (Retention rate) (5%)
  • 助學金學生畢業率 (Pell grant student graduation rates compared with other students) (3.5%)
  • 師生比例 (Student-faculty ratio) (3.5%)

4. 研究 (Research) (26%)

  • 學術名聲 (Academic reputation) (12.5%)
  • 論文引述數量 (Citation per paper) (7%)
  • 國際研究合作性 (International Research Network) (3.5%)
  • 企業合作率 (Partnerships with Employers per Faculty) (3%)

QS 2022 世界大學排行表

QS 2022年公佈的世界大學排行前三名跟2021年有點不同,分別是麻省理工、牛津大學、史丹佛大學及劍橋大學,原本去年第三名的哈佛大學則退步到了第5名;而排行前10名的大學中,有5所都來自美國。以下是100所大學的詳細資訊:

排名學校總分國際學生國際教職員師生比例學術聲望企業印象
1Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)10091.4100100100100
2University of Oxford99.598.599.5100100100
3Stanford University98.76799.8100100100
3University of Cambridge98.797.7100100100100
5Harvard University9870.184.299.1100100
6California Institute of Technology (Caltech)97.487.799.410096.789.9
7Imperial College London97.310010099.898.499.8
8ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology95.498.210080.498.795.3
8UCL95.410099.59999.498.9
10University of Chicago94.584.971.995.599.293.5
11National University of Singapore (NUS)93.970.310086.899.697.1
12Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)90.869.610089.591.185
13University of Pennsylvania90.758.194.110096.293.8
14EPFL90.210010094.882.479.7
14Yale University90.269.887.910099.9100
16The University of Edinburgh89.999.699.383.59897.3
17Tsinghua University8926.315.390.698.697.6
18Peking University88.838.545.683.599.498.2
19Columbia University88.798.452.710099.698.4
20Princeton University88.663.228.168.799.999.2
21Cornell University88.366.175.661.398.493.9
22The University of Hong Kong86.398.910085.497.973.1
23The University of Tokyo86.228.53.392.410099.6
23University of Michigan-Ann Arbor86.234.963.490.298.693
25Johns Hopkins University85.991.755.110087.651.6
26University of Toronto85.394.998.669.499.598.2
27McGill University8496.692.273.392.594.4
27The Australian National University8498.810044.494.679.3
27The University of Manchester8499.39472.595.298
30Northwestern University82.849.63099.384.474.7
31Fudan University82.645.593.391.584.889.1
32University of California, Berkeley (UCB)82.555.395.423.3100100
33Kyoto University82.322.75.49698.797.8
34The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology82.289.210064.884.260.7
35King’s College London8210099.283.488.986.2
36Seoul National University81.78.9483.998.396.5
37The University of Melbourne81.499.997.119.998.997.3
38The University of Sydney80.410010020.996.895.4
39The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)80.391.810062.688.856.7
40University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)79.726.728.942.510099.9
41KAIST – Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology79.1128.573.187.583.1
42New York University (NYU)78.995.614.696.695.998.6
43The University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney)77.799.810015.290.494.4
44Université PSL77.670.557.599.975.895.9
45Zhejiang University77.46398.58871.291.5
46University of British Columbia77.17989.152.797.694.2
47The University of Queensland76.610010025.488.280.2
48University of California, San Diego (UCSD)76.161.839.262.69161.1
49Institut Polytechnique de Paris75.998.194.399.644.898.6
49The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)75.81001004572.499.2
51Shanghai Jiao Tong University75.636.32555.283.486.7
51Technical University of Munich75.691.256.994.584.597.6
53Duke University75.257.410086.981.8
54Carnegie Mellon University74.699.134.65572.775
54City University of Hong Kong74.699.910089.759.433
56University of Amsterdam73.872.988.733.683.155.6
57Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech)73.536.213.787.674.691.1
58Delft University of Technology73.185.910041.871.987.9
59Monash University72.210010013.988.987.2
60Brown University71.35478.283.258.156.3
61The University of Warwick71.299.49952.173.190.8
62University of Bristol7183.691.367.574.784.3
63Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg70.854.736.699.780.145.7
64Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München70.13849.152.792.877.5
65Universiti Malaya (UM)69.842.643.676.576.991.7
66The Hong Kong Polytechnic University69.181.310079.267.142.9
67University of Texas at Austin68.415.42.19.593.686.1
68National Taiwan University (NTU)68.239.2740.892.387.4
69Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA)67.971.152.878.290.293.4
70KU Leuven67.241.490.38.184.456.1
70University of Zurich67.257.810096.659.352.8
72Sorbonne University67.154.214.537.490.247.4
73University of Glasgow66.897.995.859.674.474
74Korea University66.3344.389.577.690.4
75Osaka University66.215.17.779.180.680.6
75University of Wisconsin-Madison66.227.58.169.283.452.8
77University of Southampton65.796.997.959.851.560.1
78Lomonosov Moscow State University65.687.87.399.879.576.5
79University of Copenhagen65.525.991.710073.544.2
79Yonsei University65.544.17.189.671.692.6
81Pohang University of Science And Technology (POSTECH)65.4317.610044.364.1
82Durham University65.291.597.835.858.388.6
82Tohoku University65.216.53.698.471.473.8
82University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign65.258.189.886.463.5
85The University of Auckland6594.399.523.783.857.3
85University of Washington6538.81712.285.453
87Université Paris-Saclay64.946.524.799.255.598.1
88Lund University63.868.392.452.670.557.2
89Georgia Institute of Technology63.564.171.36.967.879.4
90KTH Royal Institute of Technology63.262.79769.847.364.1
91University of Birmingham62.99091.651.965.574.6
92University of St Andrews62.899.799.167.646.764.7
93University of Leeds62.689.483.94470.679.5
94The University of Western Australia62.599.910020.458.558.1
95Rice University62.388.589.1784029.4
96The University of Sheffield61.698.183.766.860.457.9
97Pennsylvania State University61.532.61032.575.973.2
98Sungkyunkwan University(SKKU)60.538.57.285.461.568.8
99University of Science and Technology of China60.16.48.483.652.414.4
100Technical University of Denmark59.976.610010032.130
來源:Topuniversities

大學排行表到底準不准,為什麼不同排行表的順序都不同?哪個排名最可信?

每個排行表會用各自的因素跟比重去排名。作為一個理智的學生或家長,你在相信任何事之前都要先問why:為什麼這個排行表的第 1 名是麻省理工,第 21 名是波士頓大學,為什麼 US News 的順序很不同?

雖然看排行表很刺激(?),但看排名之前,第一件事一定是要看它的排名方式。我們在文章的最前面先放的QS 的排名算分方式,對QS 來說,就業能力、多元化、學習經歷、跟研究大概都各佔四分之一的比重,但US News 對於“來自其他大學人員對該大學的聲望” (reputation from other institutions) 的比重就佔12.5%。不同的表有不同的公式,排名順序當然不同。

那哪個最有公信力?一件事可不可信是來自你自己覺得合不合理。雖然US News 最有名,但如果你認為大學評分比重最重要的事情是“學生滿意度”、“教授教學滿意度”、“校園生活快樂指數”、“畢業後薪水”、“就業率”、“升遷率”,那你就0% 不能相信US News,因為US News 的評分方式完全不納入以上這些項目!看完一個排名的評分方式,如果你80% 同意他的算法,那這個表的可信度就是80%,如果你認為他的評分方式(項目,比重)是完美的,那你就該100%相信他的排名。


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