QS 2021 美國大學排名

QS 2021 美國大學排名出爐!

QS在上周末的時候公佈了2021美國大學排名,哈佛大學(Harvard University)持續是美國大學的龍頭,史丹佛大學(Stanford),麻省理工(MIT),UC柏克萊大學(UC Berkeley),及UCLA分別為今年全美的前二到五名。一起來看看QS 2021 美國大學排名的詳細榜單吧!


排名評分標準

我們都會跟學生強調,一定要了解每個不同的排名的標準。不同的排名機構對大學的條件有主觀的認知,也都有不同的算法,學生跟家長應該要先理解排名評分的算法,如果您認同這個算法,這個排行表對您才有意義。

QS 依照以下 4 大類(就業能力,多元化,學習經歷,及研究)共 17 項目為大學做評分:

1. 就業能力 (Employability) (27%)

  • 公司對學校的評價 (Employer reputation) (10%)
  • 畢業生給學生的人脈 (Alumni outcomes) (10%)
  • 10年後的薪水 (Salary after 10 years) (7%)

2. 學生多元化及國際性 (Diversity & Internationalisation) (25%)

  • 男女薪資平等 (Gender pay gap) (2.5%)
  • 職員性別平等 (Faculty gender diversity) (2.5%)
  • 大學生獲得助學金比例 (Ratio of undergraduate students receiving Pell grants) (5%)
  • 學生種族多元化 (Students’ ethnicity mix) (5%)
  • Fulbright獎學金數量 (Number of Fulbright recipients per institution) (5%)
  • 國際生比例 (Proportion of international students) (5%)

3. 學習經歷(Learning experience) (22%)

  • 提供給每位學生的教育支出 (Average instructional expenditure per FTE student)(10%)
  • 學生留校意願 (Retention rate) (5%)
  • 助學金學生畢業率 (Pell grant student graduation rates compared with other students) (3.5%)
  • 師生比例 (Student-faculty ratio) (3.5%)

4. 研究 (Research) (26%)

  • 學術名聲 (Academic reputation) (12.5%)
  • 論文引述數量 (Citation per paper) (7%)
  • 國際研究合作性 (International Research Network) (3.5%)
  • 企業合作率 (Partnerships with Employers per Faculty) (3%)

QS 2021 美國大學排行表

今年的前10名跟去年相比有不少變化,但仍然恭喜哈佛大學(Harvard University)坐穩冠軍寶座。快來看看前 100 名有哪些學校吧!

排名學校總分就業能力學習經歷多元化研究
1Harvard University93.310096.876100
2Stanford University88.983.496.88293.5
3Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)85.675.496.88090.6
4University of California, Berkeley (UCB)77.757.981.47891.7
5University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)77.557.790.58478.7
6Yale University75.466.696.87071.2
7Columbia University75.160.696.87075.2
8Princeton University74.158.11007071.5
9New York University (NYU)73.354.592.38663.7
10University of Pennsylvania73.261.596.87266
11University of Chicago70.446.61006870
12Cornell University69.454.187.77266
13Duke University68.849.81007059.9
14Johns Hopkins University67.84296.87660.4
14University of Southern California67.847.496.87854
16Northwestern University67.344.596.87061.8
17Carnegie Mellon University67.242.896.87459.2
18University of Michigan-Ann Arbor65.749.181.46667.7
19Brown University64.941.996.87254
20Boston University64.337.192.37656
21California Institute of Technology (Caltech)63.839.91005663.1
22Emory University63.527.91007853.2
23Rice University62.83196.87255.9
24University of Washington62.635.673.68062
25Washington University in St. Louis62.534.11006456.8
26Georgetown University6243.296.86449.5
27University of California, San Diego (UCSD)61.926.576.88461.3
28Vanderbilt University60.330.496.86652.8
29University of Texas at Austin60.137.472.36863.2
30University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign59.237.264.57857.6
30University of Rochester59.226.693.67051.3
32Dartmouth College58.838.487.76251.3
32University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill58.833.284.56257.9
34University of California, Davis58.72673.68651.5
35University of Florida58.332.378.66856.3
36Tufts University57.833.290.96448
37University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC)57.826.472.38450.6
38Georgia Institute of Technology57.742.472.36057.7
39Stony Brook University, State University of New York57.521.1808250
40University of Virginia57.437.384.55853.3
41Case Western Reserve University56.931.7806652.9
42Rutgers University–New Brunswick56.824.367.78254.3
43University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)56.522.267.78056.7
44Pennsylvania State University56.333.4805657.8
45George Washington University55.833.2806251.2
45University of California, Irvine55.820.676.87652.2
47University of Notre Dame55.639.484.55250.3
48University of Miami55.430.3806450.3
49Northeastern University55.128.278.66848.7
50The Ohio State University54.728.467.76459.3
50University at Buffalo SUNY54.724.176.87249
52University of Maryland, College Park54.633.472.35856.3
53Purdue University54.534.167.76453.6
54University of Minnesota Twin Cities54.128.167.76655.6
55Boston College53.934.587.75840.9
55Michigan State University53.932.864.56455
57University of Massachusetts Amherst53.626.667.76853.3
58University of Wisconsin-Madison53.43572.34859.5
59Syracuse University52.530.567.76845.9
60Lehigh University5229.892.34645.4
60University of Pittsburgh5225.970.95854.6
62Arizona State University51.823.161.47251.3
62Brandeis University51.819.8807438.1
64Temple University51.521.767.77048.4
65Texas A&M University51.33167.75255.4
65The University of Arizona51.322.363.26852.5
67University of Houston51.223.955.57847.8
68Binghamton University SUNY5122.370.96845.4
68Drexel University512667.76448.2
68North Carolina State University5124.670.95852.1
68Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute5129.9805245.8
72University of Connecticut50.823.276.85649.9
73The University of Georgia50.725.263.26451.2
74Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University50.530.170.95251
75University of New Mexico50.49.863.28049.4
76Indiana University Bloomington50.225.264.56052
77Tulane University50.125.783.24847.3
78University of Colorado Boulder5024.664.55655.4
79Florida State University49.723.664.56051.6
79University of South Florida49.716.855.57452.4
81Illinois Institute of Technology49.522.170.96443.9
81University of California, Riverside49.514.167.77047.8
81University of California, Santa Cruz49.514.364.57248.3
84Howard University49.417.476.87434.2
84University of Texas Dallas49.415.773.66446.7
86Santa Clara University49.227.970.96834.1
86Wake Forest University49.225.4804847.1
88University of Maryland, Baltimore County49.118.667.77042.5
88University of Utah49.120.264.56052.6
90George Mason University4920.658.67245.8
91New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT)48.820.667.76841.5
91University of Massachusetts Boston48.812.863.27843.1
93University of Kansas48.719.164.56250.2
94University at Albany SUNY48.61975.56043.2
95Oregon State University48.316.464.56449.6
96University of Delaware48.222.270.95646.1
97University of the Pacific48.124.778.66628.8
98Rutgers University–Newark4823.266.46441
98University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa4815.775.55449.4
100San Diego State University47.820.961.46644.4
100University of Iowa47.823.464.55450.4
100University of Oklahoma47.822.964.55847.4
来源:topuniversities

大學排行表到底準不準,為什麼不同排行表的順序都不同?哪個排名最可信?

每個排行表會用各自的因素跟比重去排名。作為一個理智的學生或家長,你在相信任何事之前都要先問why:為什麼這個排行表的第 1 名是哈佛,第 21 名是波士頓大學,為什麼 US News 的順序很不同?

雖然看排行表很刺激(?),但看排名之前,第一件事一定是要看它的排名方式。我們在文章的最前面先放的QS 的排名算分方式,對QS 來說,就業能力、多元化、學習經歷、跟研究大概都各佔四分之一的比重,但US News 對於“來自其他大學人員對該大學的聲望” (reputation from other institutions) 的比重就佔12.5%。不同的表有不同的公式,排名順序當然不同。

那哪個最有公信力?一件事可不可信是來自你自己覺得合不合理。雖然US News 最有名,但如果你認為大學評分比重最重要的事情是“學生滿意度”、“教授教學滿意度”、“校園生活快樂指數”、“畢業後薪水”、“就業率”、“升遷率”,那你就0% 不能相信US News,因為US News 的評分方式完全不納入以上這些項目!看完一個排名的評分方式,如果你80% 同意他的算法,那這個表的可信度就是80%,如果你認為他的評分方式(項目,比重)是完美的,那你就該100%相信他的排名。


延伸閱讀:

Leave a Reply