美國大學 COVID-19

【最新】已有270所美國大學、6600位相關人員確診COVID-19,你的大學在這個清單裡嗎?(7/30更新)

Also in: 简中 (简中)

(7/30更新:文章標題從 7/29 的 “6300個COVID-19確診案例” 修改為 “6600個COVID-19診案例”)

我們都知道美國從今年3月開始爆發COVID-19後,確診人數至今都沒有減少的趨勢。剛開始大流行時美國部分城市還有封城,學生也都改採遠端上課,可是隨著時間增長和政策的改變,最近大學師生又要準備回到校園上課了。

但是在確診人數都還沒趨緩的狀況下,COVID-19也潛入校園!根據紐約時報的報導,目前為止新冠肺炎已經在短時間內已有來自270所美國大學、超過6,600位相關人員確診,並且數字還在快速增加!

現在大部分的學校都還沒開始新的學期,不知道開學後會不會造成更大規模的散播?

圖片來源:The New York Times

New York Times整理了截至2020/07/28在美國大學的確診人數分布。圖上看到紅色的點代表該所大學有超過50人確診,其中以University of Texas at Austin的449例、University of Central Florida的438例,以及University of Georgia的390例為最嚴重的三所大學。

以下是美國各大學COVID-19的確診人數與每周確診案例分布表:

SchoolCasesLocationWeekly Local Cases Per Capita
CASES PER CAPITA
University of Texas at Austin449Austin, Texas
University of Central Florida438Orlando, Fla.
University of Georgia390Athens, Ga.
Texas A&M University302College Station, Texas
University of Washington249Seattle
University of Florida217Gainesville, Fla.
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center207Dallas
University of South Florida182Tampa, Fla.
University of Pennsylvania167Philadelphia
University of California, Berkeley123Berkeley, Calif.
University of Connecticut System112Storrs, Conn.
University of California, Los Angeles101Los Angeles
Stanford University99Stanford, Calif.
University of Texas Rio Grande Valley95Edinburg, Texas
Georgia Institute of Technology94Atlanta
Appalachian State University94Boone, N.C.
United States Military Academy West Point89West Point, N.Y.
Sam Houston State University88Huntsville, Texas
Oregon Health & Science University83Portland, Ore.
University of Mississippi81Oxford, Miss.
Georgetown University80Washington, D.C.
University of California, Irvine77Irvine , Calif.
Montclair State University63Montclair, N.J.
University of Houston-Downtown61Houston
Rice University59Houston
Missouri State University57Springfield, Mo.
Utah State University52Logan, Utah
Brigham Young University51Provo, Utah
Boise State University50Boise , Idaho
Southern Methodist University49Dallas
University of Southern Mississippi49Hattiesburg, Miss.
Princeton University48Princeton, N.J.
University of California, Davis47Davis, Calif.
Clemson University47Clemson, S.C.
University of Oregon42Eugene, Ore.
Baylor University42Waco, Texas
Northwestern University41Evanston, Ill.
Georgia Southern University40Statesboro, Ga.
Southern University and A&M College39Baton Rouge, La.
University of Pittsburgh39Pittsburgh
Long Beach State baseball schedule scores and stats | D1baseball.com California State University, Long Beach38Long Beach, Calif.
Oakland University37Rochester, Mich
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill37Chapel Hill, N.C.
Greenville Technical College36Greenville, S.C.
Mississippi State University33Mississippi State, Miss.
University of Nevada, Reno33Reno, Nev.
University of Nevada, Las Vegas33Las Vegas
Jacksonville State University33Jacksonville, Ala.
University of North Carolina Wilmington33Wilmington, N.C.
Worcester State University33Worcester, Mass.
University of North Alabama32Florence, Ala.

South Texas College
31McAllen, Texas
SUNY New Paltz31
New Paltz, N.Y.
East Carolina University30Greenville, N.C.
Kansas State University29Manhattan, Kan.
University of Southern California28Los Angeles
New Mexico State University27Las Cruces, N.M.
Texas Woman’s University27Denton, Texas
University of Chicago26Chicago
Texas A&M University-Kingsville26Kingsville, Texas
University of Maryland, College Park25College Park, Md.
Manhattan College23New York City
Texas Tech University23Lubbock, Texas
Austin Peay State University22Clarksville, Tenn.
Ramapo College of New Jersey22Mahwah, N.J.
West Texas A&M University22Canyon, Texas
University of Iowa21Iowa City
Prairie View A&M University20Prairie View, Texas
Wayne State University20Detroit
Michigan State University20East Lansing, Mich.
Pepperdine University18Malibu, Calif.
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo18San Luis Obispo, Calif.
Georgia State University18Atlanta
University of Oklahoma18Norman, Okla.
San Jose State University18San Jose, Calif.
West Virginia University18Morgantown, W.Va.
University of Missouri-Kansas City18Kansas City, Mo.
San Diego State University System17San Diego
North Florida College16Madison, Fla.
University of Kansas16Lawrence, Kan.
Marshall University16Huntington, W.Va.
University of California, Riverside16Riverside, Calif.
Central Michigan University16Mount Pleasant, Mich.
College of Southern Nevada15Las Vegas
Tyler Junior College15Tyler, Texas
Southern University at New Orleans15New Orleans
California State University, Northridge14Los Angeles
Oklahoma State University14Stillwater, Okla.
University of Texas at Arlington14Arlington, Texas
Florida State College at Jacksonville14Jacksonville, Fla.
University of Evansville13Evansville, Ind.
University of Central Oklahoma13Edmond, Okla.
University of Maryland, Baltimore County13Baltimore
University of Texas at Dallas12Dallas
Winston-Salem State University12Winston-Salem, N.C.
Angelo State University12San Angelo, Texas
Morgan State University12Baltimore
SUNY Purchase College12Purchase, N.Y.
St. Petersburg College12St. Petersburg, Fla.
Santa Monica College12Santa Monica, Calif.
California Institute of Technology12Pasadena, Calif.
Valencia College11Orlando, Fla.
University of California, Santa Cruz11Santa Cruz, Calif.
University of North Georgia11Dahlonega, Ga.
Western Carolina University11Cullowhee, N.C.
Troy University10Troy, Ala.
Mercer University10Macon, Ga.
Florida Gulf Coast University10Fort Myers, Fla.
Iowa State University10Ames, Iowa
Indiana University Bloomington10Bloomington, Ind.
University of Missouri10Columbia, Mo.
Midwestern State University10Wichita Falls, Texas
Rutgers University-New Brunswick10New Brunswick, N.J.
University of North Carolina at Pembroke10Pembroke, N.C.
Bradley University10Peoria, Ill.
Elon University9Elon, N.C.
University of Rochester9Rochester, N.Y.
Dixie State University9St. George, Utah
University of Northern Colorado9Greeley, Colo.
University of Nebraska-Lincoln9Lincoln, Neb.
Edmonds College8Lynnwood, Wash.
Dartmouth College8Hanover, N.H.
Ohio University8Athens, Ohio
SUNY College at Potsdam8Potsdam, N.Y.
University of Northern Iowa8Cedar Falls, Iowa
Harris-Stowe State University8St. Louis
University of Houston7Houston
SUNY University at Buffalo7Buffalo
Arkansas State University7Jonesboro, Ark.
California State University, East Bay7Hayward, Calif.
University of Denver7Denver
Mississippi Valley State University7Itta Bena, Miss.
Old Dominion University7Norfolk, Va.
University of Washington Tacoma7Tacoma, Wash.
University of Minnesota Twin Cities7Minneapolis
University of South Florida, St. Petersburg7St. Petersburg, Fla.
Southern University Law Center7Baton Rouge, La.
Arkansas Tech University6Russellville, Ark.
Florida Atlantic University6Boca Raton, Fla.
Georgia Gwinnett College6Lawrenceville, Ga.
University of Louisiana at Lafayette6Lafeyette, La.
Sacred Heart University6Fairfield, Conn.
Whatcom Community College6Bellingham, Wash.
Western Kentucky University6Bowling Green, Ky.
University of Massachusetts Amherst6Amherst, Mass.
University of California, Santa Barbara6Santa Barbara, Calif.
Grand Canyon University6Pheonix, Ariz.
California State University, Dominguez Hills5Carson, Calif.
Louisiana State University Alexandria5Alexandria, La.
Virginia Military Institute5Lexington, Va.
Florida Polytechnic University5Lakeland, Fla.
Colorado School of Mines5Golden, Colo.
North Carolina State University5Raleigh, N.C.
Rider University5Lawrenceville , N.J.
Texas State University5San Marcos, Texas
University of North Carolina at Charlotte5Charlotte, N.C.
University of Colorado Boulder4Boulder, Colo.
California State University, San Marcos4San Marcos, Calif.
University of Memphis4Memphis
Mississippi University for Women4Columbus, Miss.
North Carolina A&T State University4Greensboro, N.C.
Southern Arkansas University4Magnolia, Ark.
Sonoma State University4Ronhert Park, Calif.
University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff4Pine Bluff, Ark.
University of Dayton4Dayton, Ohio
University of Michigan4Ann Arbor, Mich.
University of North Texas4Denton, Texas
University of Toledo4Toledo, Ohio
University of Washington Bothell4Bothell, Wash.
Western Colorado University4Gunnison, Colo.
East Georgia State College4Swainsboro, Ga.
University of Massachusetts Medical School4Worcester, Mass.
University of Virginia4Charlottesville, Va.
Washington University in St. Louis4St. Louis
California State University, San Bernardino4San Bernardino, Calif.
University of Kentucky4Lexington, Ky.
University of Arizona3Tucson, Ariz.
Troy University Dothan3Dothan, Ala.
Chicago State University3Chicago
Auburn University3Auburn, Ala.
Columbia Basin College3Pasco, Wash.
Emporia State University3Emporia, Kan.
Eastern Oregon University3La Grande, Ore.
Francis Marion University3Florence, S.C.
Longwood University3Farmville, Va.
Rio Hondo College3Whittier, Calif.
University of Texas at San Antonio3San Antonio
Troy University-Phenix City Campus3Phenix, Ala.
Georgia Highlands College3Rome, Ga.
Ohio State University3Columbus, Ohio
California State University Maritime Academy3Vallejo, Calif.
Centralia College3Centralia, Wash.
Carolinas College of Health Sciences3Charlotte, N.C.
Southern Oregon University2Ashland, Ore.
SUNY Alfred State College of Technology2Alfred, N.Y.
California State Polytechnic University, Pomona2Pomona, Calif.
SUNY Oswego2Oswego, N.Y.
University of Central Missouri2Warrensburg, Mo.
Alabama A&M University2Huntsville, Ala.
College of Southern Idaho2Twin Falls, Idaho
Eastern Michigan University2Ypsilanti, Mich.
Gardner-Webb University2Boiling Springs, N.C.
Green River College2Auburn, Wash.
Louisiana Tech University2Ruston, La.
University of Louisville2Louisville, Ky.
Michigan Technological University2Houghton, Mich.
Northern State University2Aberdeen, S.D.
Oregon Institute of Technology2Klamath Falls , Ore.
St. Francis College2New York City
Stetson University2DeLand, Fla.
University of North Carolina Asheville2Asheville, N.C.
Valdosta State University2Valdosta, Ga.
Winona State University2Winona, Minn.
Washington State University2Pullman, Wash.
Western Washington University2Bellingham, Wash.
Renton Technical College2Renton, Wash.
Columbia University2New York City
Western Illinois University2Macomb, Ill.
University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee2Sarasota, Fla.
Shepherd University2Shepherdstown, W.Va.
West Chester University1West Chester, Pa.
Weber State University1Ogden, Utah
Texas A&M University-Central Texas1Kileen, Texas
Long Island University1Brookville, N.Y.
Valley City State University1Valley City, S.D.
Western Michigan University1Kalamazoo, Mich.
Boston College1Chestnut Hill, Mass.
Black Hills State University1Spearfish, S.D.
Cameron University1Lawton, Okla.
California State University, Chico1Chico, Calif.
California State University, Channel Islands1Camarillo, Calif.
Fairmont State University1Fairmont, W.Va.
Fort Hays State University1Hays, Kan.
Florida State University1Tallahassee, Fla.
Fort Valley State University1Fort Valley, Ga.
Gonzaga University1Spokane, Wash.
Grambling State University1Grambling, La.
Lafayette College1Easton, Pa.
Lewis-Clark State College1Lewiston, Idaho
Lock Haven University1Lock Haven, Pa.
Lake Washington Institute of Technology1Kirkland, Wash.
University of Hawaii at Manoa1Honolulu
University of Hawaii Maui College1Kahului, Hawaii
Midland College1Midland, Texas
Monmouth University1West Long Branch, N.J.
University of Notre Dame1Notre Dame, Ind.
North Dakota State University1Fargo, N.D.
Nicholls State University1Thibodaux, La.
Northwestern Oklahoma State University1Alva, Okla.
Purdue University1West Lafayette, Ind.
University of Richmond1Richmond, Va.
University of San Diego1San Diego
Spokane Falls Community College1Spokane, Wash.
Shawnee State University1Portsmouth, Ohio
South Seattle College1Seattle
Saginaw Valley State University1University Center, Mich.
Temple University1Philadelphia
University of Arkansas1Fayetteville, Ark.
University of the Incarnate Word1San Antonio
University of New Mexico1Albuquerque
University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma1Chickasha, Okla.
University of Tennessee, Knoxville1Knoxville, Tenn.
University of Texas Permian Basin1Odessa, Texas
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University1Blacksburg, Va.
Medical University of South Carolina1Charleston, S.C.
University of Rhode Island1Kingston, R.I.
William Paterson University1Wayne, N.J.
Carnegie Mellon University1Pittsburgh
Barnard College1New York City
Winthrop University1Rock Hill, S.C.
University of Missouri-St. Louis1Bellerive Acres, Mo.
資料來源:The New York Times

這些數據是由New York Times進行整理,有些是大學自己公告消息、有些提供部分數據,但也有數百所大學拒絕回答相關問題。而有提供數據的這些大學,因為涉及師生隱私的關係,並未透漏是哪些人確診COVID-19、何時確診等相關資訊。


校園內的感染風險是否比想像中的還高?

雖然The New York Times統整了各大學確診COVID-19的數據,但很明顯地,實際數據一定不只這樣而已。因為有些大學的規模非常大、有些大學則拒絕提供相關資料,所以很難真正評估風險,即使各間大學很努力做防疫,這樣的破口也已經補不回來了。

因此有些學校如California State University已經決定秋季開始全面改採線上教學;其他如Patriot League和Ivy League則是決定不要舉辦秋季運動會。雖然如此,還是有些學校決定秋季新生歡迎會照常舉行、正常到校上課和舉辦運動會。


運動相關部門是高風險族群

許多初次來到大學的運動員都希望能在今年秋天參加比賽,因此New York Times又針對130所參加 NCAA Division I(美國大學體育聯盟I級)比賽的大學進行調查,發現其中68所大學的運動員、教練和其他相關人員的確診案例多達630例 (如下圖)。

圖片來源:The New York Times

秋季學期即將到來,美國各大學都在制定上課方式,無論是線上教學、到校上課,還是兩者各半,都需要經過不斷的測試,學生可以透過我們之前的文章即時了解學校的最新開課政策:

但就像Cornell大學校長Martha E. Pollack說的:「There is simply no way to completely eliminate risk, whether we are in-person or online (無論是面對面上課還是線上上課,都無法完全避開風險)」因此可想而知,相信多數美國大學在新學期都仍會要求學生到校上課吧!


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