美國大學 COVID-19

【最新】已有270所美国大学、6600位相关人员确诊COVID-19,你的大学在这个清单里吗? (7/30更新)

Also in: 繁中 (繁中)

(7/30更新:文章标题从 7/29 的 “6300个COVID-19确诊案例” 修改为 “6600个COVID-19诊案例”)

我们都知道美国从今年3月开始爆发COVID-19后,确诊人数至今都没有减少的趋势。刚开始大流行时美国部分城市还有封城,学生也都改采远端上课,可是随着时间增长和政策的改变,最近大学师生又要准备回到校园上课了。

但是在确诊人数都还没趋缓的状况下,COVID-19也潜入校园!根据纽约时报的报导,目前为止新冠肺炎已经在短时间内已有来自270所美国大学、超过6,600位相关人员确诊,并且数字还在快速增加!

现在大部分的学校都还没开始新的学期,不知道开学后会不会造成更大规模的散播?

图片来源:The New York Times

New York Times整理了截至2020/07/28在美国大学的确诊人数分布。图上看到红色的点代表该所大学有超过50人确诊,其中以University of Texas at Austin的449例、University of Central Florida的438例,以及University of Georgia的390例为最严重的三所大学。

以下是美国各大学COVID-19的确诊人数与每周确诊案例分布表:

SchoolCasesLocationWeekly Local Cases Per Capita
CASES PER CAPITA
University of Texas at Austin449Austin, Texas
University of Central Florida438Orlando, Fla.
University of Georgia390Athens, Ga.
Texas A&M University302College Station, Texas
University of Washington249Seattle
University of Florida217Gainesville, Fla.
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center207Dallas
University of South Florida182Tampa, Fla.
University of Pennsylvania167Philadelphia
University of California, Berkeley123Berkeley, Calif.
University of Connecticut System112Storrs, Conn.
University of California, Los Angeles101Los Angeles
Stanford University99Stanford, Calif.
University of Texas Rio Grande Valley95Edinburg, Texas
Georgia Institute of Technology94Atlanta
Appalachian State University94Boone, N.C.
United States Military Academy West Point89West Point, N.Y.
Sam Houston State University88Huntsville, Texas
Oregon Health & Science University83Portland, Ore.
University of Mississippi81Oxford, Miss.
Georgetown University80Washington, D.C.
University of California, Irvine77Irvine , Calif.
Montclair State University63Montclair, N.J.
University of Houston-Downtown61Houston
Rice University59Houston
Missouri State University57Springfield, Mo.
Utah State University52Logan, Utah
Brigham Young University51Provo, Utah
Boise State University50Boise , Idaho
Southern Methodist University49Dallas
University of Southern Mississippi49Hattiesburg, Miss.
Princeton University48Princeton, N.J.
University of California, Davis47Davis, Calif.
Clemson University47Clemson, S.C.
University of Oregon42Eugene, Ore.
Baylor University42Waco, Texas
Northwestern University41Evanston, Ill.
Georgia Southern University40Statesboro, Ga.
Southern University and A&M College39Baton Rouge, La.
University of Pittsburgh39Pittsburgh
Long Beach State baseball schedule scores and stats | D1baseball.com California State University, Long Beach38Long Beach, Calif.
Oakland University37Rochester, Mich
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill37Chapel Hill, N.C.
Greenville Technical College36Greenville, S.C.
Mississippi State University33Mississippi State, Miss.
University of Nevada, Reno33Reno, Nev.
University of Nevada, Las Vegas33Las Vegas
Jacksonville State University33Jacksonville, Ala.
University of North Carolina Wilmington33Wilmington, N.C.
Worcester State University33Worcester, Mass.
University of North Alabama32Florence, Ala.

South Texas College
31McAllen, Texas
SUNY New Paltz31
New Paltz, N.Y.
East Carolina University30Greenville, N.C.
Kansas State University29Manhattan, Kan.
University of Southern California28Los Angeles
New Mexico State University27Las Cruces, N.M.
Texas Woman’s University27Denton, Texas
University of Chicago26Chicago
Texas A&M University-Kingsville26Kingsville, Texas
University of Maryland, College Park25College Park, Md.
Manhattan College23New York City
Texas Tech University23Lubbock, Texas
Austin Peay State University22Clarksville, Tenn.
Ramapo College of New Jersey22Mahwah, N.J.
West Texas A&M University22Canyon, Texas
University of Iowa21Iowa City
Prairie View A&M University20Prairie View, Texas
Wayne State University20Detroit
Michigan State University20East Lansing, Mich.
Pepperdine University18Malibu, Calif.
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo18San Luis Obispo, Calif.
Georgia State University18Atlanta
University of Oklahoma18Norman, Okla.
San Jose State University18San Jose, Calif.
West Virginia University18Morgantown, W.Va.
University of Missouri-Kansas City18Kansas City, Mo.
San Diego State University System17San Diego
North Florida College16Madison, Fla.
University of Kansas16Lawrence, Kan.
Marshall University16Huntington, W.Va.
University of California, Riverside16Riverside, Calif.
Central Michigan University16Mount Pleasant, Mich.
College of Southern Nevada15Las Vegas
Tyler Junior College15Tyler, Texas
Southern University at New Orleans15New Orleans
California State University, Northridge14Los Angeles
Oklahoma State University14Stillwater, Okla.
University of Texas at Arlington14Arlington, Texas
Florida State College at Jacksonville14Jacksonville, Fla.
University of Evansville13Evansville, Ind.
University of Central Oklahoma13Edmond, Okla.
University of Maryland, Baltimore County13Baltimore
University of Texas at Dallas12Dallas
Winston-Salem State University12Winston-Salem, N.C.
Angelo State University12San Angelo, Texas
Morgan State University12Baltimore
SUNY Purchase College12Purchase, N.Y.
St. Petersburg College12St. Petersburg, Fla.
Santa Monica College12Santa Monica, Calif.
California Institute of Technology12Pasadena, Calif.
Valencia College11Orlando, Fla.
University of California, Santa Cruz11Santa Cruz, Calif.
University of North Georgia11Dahlonega, Ga.
Western Carolina University11Cullowhee, N.C.
Troy University10Troy, Ala.
Mercer University10Macon, Ga.
Florida Gulf Coast University10Fort Myers, Fla.
Iowa State University10Ames, Iowa
Indiana University Bloomington10Bloomington, Ind.
University of Missouri10Columbia, Mo.
Midwestern State University10Wichita Falls, Texas
Rutgers University-New Brunswick10New Brunswick, N.J.
University of North Carolina at Pembroke10Pembroke, N.C.
Bradley University10Peoria, Ill.
Elon University9Elon, N.C.
University of Rochester9Rochester, N.Y.
Dixie State University9St. George, Utah
University of Northern Colorado9Greeley, Colo.
University of Nebraska-Lincoln9Lincoln, Neb.
Edmonds College8Lynnwood, Wash.
Dartmouth College8Hanover, N.H.
Ohio University8Athens, Ohio
SUNY College at Potsdam8Potsdam, N.Y.
University of Northern Iowa8Cedar Falls, Iowa
Harris-Stowe State University8St. Louis
University of Houston7Houston
SUNY University at Buffalo7Buffalo
Arkansas State University7Jonesboro, Ark.
California State University, East Bay7Hayward, Calif.
University of Denver7Denver
Mississippi Valley State University7Itta Bena, Miss.
Old Dominion University7Norfolk, Va.
University of Washington Tacoma7Tacoma, Wash.
University of Minnesota Twin Cities7Minneapolis
University of South Florida, St. Petersburg7St. Petersburg, Fla.
Southern University Law Center7Baton Rouge, La.
Arkansas Tech University6Russellville, Ark.
Florida Atlantic University6Boca Raton, Fla.
Georgia Gwinnett College6Lawrenceville, Ga.
University of Louisiana at Lafayette6Lafeyette, La.
Sacred Heart University6Fairfield, Conn.
Whatcom Community College6Bellingham, Wash.
Western Kentucky University6Bowling Green, Ky.
University of Massachusetts Amherst6Amherst, Mass.
University of California, Santa Barbara6Santa Barbara, Calif.
Grand Canyon University6Pheonix, Ariz.
California State University, Dominguez Hills5Carson, Calif.
Louisiana State University Alexandria5Alexandria, La.
Virginia Military Institute5Lexington, Va.
Florida Polytechnic University5Lakeland, Fla.
Colorado School of Mines5Golden, Colo.
North Carolina State University5Raleigh, N.C.
Rider University5Lawrenceville , N.J.
Texas State University5San Marcos, Texas
University of North Carolina at Charlotte5Charlotte, N.C.
University of Colorado Boulder4Boulder, Colo.
California State University, San Marcos4San Marcos, Calif.
University of Memphis4Memphis
Mississippi University for Women4Columbus, Miss.
North Carolina A&T State University4Greensboro, N.C.
Southern Arkansas University4Magnolia, Ark.
Sonoma State University4Ronhert Park, Calif.
University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff4Pine Bluff, Ark.
University of Dayton4Dayton, Ohio
University of Michigan4Ann Arbor, Mich.
University of North Texas4Denton, Texas
University of Toledo4Toledo, Ohio
University of Washington Bothell4Bothell, Wash.
Western Colorado University4Gunnison, Colo.
East Georgia State College4Swainsboro, Ga.
University of Massachusetts Medical School4Worcester, Mass.
University of Virginia4Charlottesville, Va.
Washington University in St. Louis4St. Louis
California State University, San Bernardino4San Bernardino, Calif.
University of Kentucky4Lexington, Ky.
University of Arizona3Tucson, Ariz.
Troy University Dothan3Dothan, Ala.
Chicago State University3Chicago
Auburn University3Auburn, Ala.
Columbia Basin College3Pasco, Wash.
Emporia State University3Emporia, Kan.
Eastern Oregon University3La Grande, Ore.
Francis Marion University3Florence, S.C.
Longwood University3Farmville, Va.
Rio Hondo College3Whittier, Calif.
University of Texas at San Antonio3San Antonio
Troy University-Phenix City Campus3Phenix, Ala.
Georgia Highlands College3Rome, Ga.
Ohio State University3Columbus, Ohio
California State University Maritime Academy3Vallejo, Calif.
Centralia College3Centralia, Wash.
Carolinas College of Health Sciences3Charlotte, N.C.
Southern Oregon University2Ashland, Ore.
SUNY Alfred State College of Technology2Alfred, N.Y.
California State Polytechnic University, Pomona2Pomona, Calif.
SUNY Oswego2Oswego, N.Y.
University of Central Missouri2Warrensburg, Mo.
Alabama A&M University2Huntsville, Ala.
College of Southern Idaho2Twin Falls, Idaho
Eastern Michigan University2Ypsilanti, Mich.
Gardner-Webb University2Boiling Springs, N.C.
Green River College2Auburn, Wash.
Louisiana Tech University2Ruston, La.
University of Louisville2Louisville, Ky.
Michigan Technological University2Houghton, Mich.
Northern State University2Aberdeen, S.D.
Oregon Institute of Technology2Klamath Falls , Ore.
St. Francis College2New York City
Stetson University2DeLand, Fla.
University of North Carolina Asheville2Asheville, N.C.
Valdosta State University2Valdosta, Ga.
Winona State University2Winona, Minn.
Washington State University2Pullman, Wash.
Western Washington University2Bellingham, Wash.
Renton Technical College2Renton, Wash.
Columbia University2New York City
Western Illinois University2Macomb, Ill.
University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee2Sarasota, Fla.
Shepherd University2Shepherdstown, W.Va.
West Chester University1West Chester, Pa.
Weber State University1Ogden, Utah
Texas A&M University-Central Texas1Kileen, Texas
Long Island University1Brookville, N.Y.
Valley City State University1Valley City, S.D.
Western Michigan University1Kalamazoo, Mich.
Boston College1Chestnut Hill, Mass.
Black Hills State University1Spearfish, S.D.
Cameron University1Lawton, Okla.
California State University, Chico1Chico, Calif.
California State University, Channel Islands1Camarillo, Calif.
Fairmont State University1Fairmont, W.Va.
Fort Hays State University1Hays, Kan.
Florida State University1Tallahassee, Fla.
Fort Valley State University1Fort Valley, Ga.
Gonzaga University1Spokane, Wash.
Grambling State University1Grambling, La.
Lafayette College1Easton, Pa.
Lewis-Clark State College1Lewiston, Idaho
Lock Haven University1Lock Haven, Pa.
Lake Washington Institute of Technology1Kirkland, Wash.
University of Hawaii at Manoa1Honolulu
University of Hawaii Maui College1Kahului, Hawaii
Midland College1Midland, Texas
Monmouth University1West Long Branch, N.J.
University of Notre Dame1Notre Dame, Ind.
North Dakota State University1Fargo, N.D.
Nicholls State University1Thibodaux, La.
Northwestern Oklahoma State University1Alva, Okla.
Purdue University1West Lafayette, Ind.
University of Richmond1Richmond, Va.
University of San Diego1San Diego
Spokane Falls Community College1Spokane, Wash.
Shawnee State University1Portsmouth, Ohio
South Seattle College1Seattle
Saginaw Valley State University1University Center, Mich.
Temple University1Philadelphia
University of Arkansas1Fayetteville, Ark.
University of the Incarnate Word1San Antonio
University of New Mexico1Albuquerque
University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma1Chickasha, Okla.
University of Tennessee, Knoxville1Knoxville, Tenn.
University of Texas Permian Basin1Odessa, Texas
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University1Blacksburg, Va.
Medical University of South Carolina1Charleston, S.C.
University of Rhode Island1Kingston, R.I.
William Paterson University1Wayne, N.J.
Carnegie Mellon University1Pittsburgh
Barnard College1New York City
Winthrop University1Rock Hill, S.C.
University of Missouri-St. Louis1Bellerive Acres, Mo.
資料來源:The New York Times

这些数据是由New York Times进行整理,有些是大学自己公告消息、有些提供部分数据,但也有数百所大学拒绝回答相关问题。而有提供数据的这些大学,因为涉及师生隐私的关系,并未透漏是哪些人确诊COVID-19、何时确诊等相关资讯。


校园内的感染风险是否比想像中的还高?

虽然The New York Times统整了各大学确诊COVID-19的数据,但很明显地,实际数据一定不只这样而已。因为有些大学的规模非常大、有些大学则拒绝提供相关资料,所以很难真正评估风险,即使各间大学很努力做防疫,这样的破口也已经补不回来了。

因此有些学校如California State University已经决定秋季开始全面改采线上教学;其他如Patriot League和Ivy League则是决定不要举办秋季运动会。虽然如此,还是有些学校决定秋季新生欢迎会照常举行、正常到校上课和举办运动会。


运动相关部门是高风险族群

许多初次来到大学的运动员都希望能在今年秋天参加比赛,因此New York Times又针对130所参加NCAA Division I(美国大学体育联盟I级)比赛的大学进行调查,发现其中68所大学的运动员、教练和其他相关人员的确诊案例多达630例(如下图)。

图片来源:The New York Times

秋季学期即将到来,美国各大学都在制定上课方式,无论是线上教学、到校上课,还是两者各半,都需要经过不断的测试,学生可以透过我们之前的文章即时了解学校的最新开课政策:

但就像Cornell大学校长Martha E. Pollack说的:「There is simply no way to completely eliminate risk, whether we are in-person or online (无论是面对面上课还是线上上课,都无法完全避开风险)」因此可想而知,相信多数美国大学在新学期都仍会要求学生到校上课吧!


延伸阅读:

Also in: 繁中 (繁中)

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