2022 US News 大學排名

【快訊】2022 US News 美國大學排名出爐!

讓眾多亞洲學生跟家長為之瘋狂、亞洲升學顧問機構也愛不釋手的 2022 US News 大學排名就在今天公佈啦!


US News 如何排名這些大學

US News 今年用下面這個評分方式評估學校的好壞:

排名條件百分比比重
⭕️ 畢業率及持續就讀率22%
◦ 平均六年畢業率 (graduation rate)17.60%
◦ 平均大一持續就讀率 (retention rate)4.40%
⭕️  社會流動 (social mobility)5%
◦ 聯邦 Pell 獎學金(Pell Grant)學生的六年畢業率2.50%
◦ 聯邦 Pell 獎學金(Pell Grant)學生與非 Pell 獎學金學生相比的六年畢業率2.50%
⭕️ 實際六年畢業率(與 2012-2013 的預測相比)8%
⭕️ 大學學術名聲20%
◦ 同儕互評問卷(peer-review)20%
⭕️ 2020-2021 學術資源20%
◦ 班級人數8%
◦ 教職員薪水7%
◦ 領域內獲得最高學位的教職員比例3%
◦ 全職教職員比例1%
◦ 師生比例1%
⭕️ 2020 秋季入學的學生程度7%
◦ SAT 及 ACT 分數(不含作文)5%
◦ 高中是全校排名前10%的比例2%
⭕️ 給學生的經濟資源10%
⭕️ 平均畢業生捐款3%
⭕️ 畢業時的負債5%
◦ 總負債3%
◦ 負債學生比例2%
總數100%

這個評分方式,您同意嗎?您認為學校之間的評比(如 USC 的教務員評論 UCLA 是否為一所好學校)準嗎,該不該占總分的20%?家庭條件較貧困的學生是否能跟其他學生一樣在六年畢業、教職員是否為全職且領高薪、及畢業生有多少負債,這些在您心中是否佔了 18% 的重要性?畢業生捐款數佔 3%,您同意嗎?這會不會鼓勵大學多收來自富裕家庭的學生?

另外,您認為學生對教授及課程的滿意度、參與研究或實習的機會、課程種類多元化(或至少能上到想上的課程)、每堂課程提供給學生的課內外學習資源、學生的素質、大學生活便利性、交通便利性、校園安全性及毒品酒精的普及度、有意義且有趣的社團及活動、宿舍乾淨舒適度、伙食的品質、給應屆畢業生的就業資源跟輔導、就業率、研究所錄取率、薪水、工作升遷率….. 這些的重要性在您心中是否都佔 0% 呢?

如果您對 US News 排名的計算方式大致認同 —- 至少 65% 同意,達到及格分數 —- 歡迎繼續往下看!


就在上週:Forbes 美國大學排名

Forbes 上週剛公佈 2021 年的美國大學排名,還沒看的同學可以比較 Forbes 跟 US News 這兩個排名,注意一下他們的評分標準及不同標準所造成的排名差異。

劇透:他們排名的標準差很多,名次也差很多。

先不管哪個排名的『公信力』比較高(如果你問一個美國人,其實兩個都不高),你比較同意這兩個排行榜的哪個評分標準


2022 US News 美國大學排名:前 100 名

排名學校(英文)城市學費大學生數
1Princeton UniversityPrinceton, NJ$56,0104,773
2Columbia UniversityNew York, NY$63,5306,170
2Harvard UniversityCambridge, MA$55,5875,222
2Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridge, MA$55,8784,361
5Yale UniversityNew Haven, CT$59,9504,703
6Stanford UniversityStanford, CA$56,1696,366
6University of ChicagoChicago, IL$60,9636,989
8University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia, PA$61,7109,872
9California Institute of TechnologyPasadena, CA$58,680901
9Duke UniversityDurham, NC$60,4896,717
9Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimore, MD$58,7206,331
9Northwestern UniversityEvanston, IL$60,9848,194
13Dartmouth CollegeHanover, NH$60,8704,170
14Brown UniversityProvidence, RI$62,4046,792
14Vanderbilt UniversityNashville, TN$56,9667,057
14Washington University in St. LouisSt. Louis, MO$58,8667,653
17Cornell UniversityIthaca, NY$61,01514,743
17Rice UniversityHouston, TX$52,8954,076
19University of Notre DameNotre Dame, IN$58,8438,874
20University of California–Los AngelesLos Angeles, CA$43,022 (外州)
$13,268 (州內)
31,636
21Emory UniversityAtlanta, GA$55,4687,010
22University of California–BerkeleyBerkeley, CA$44,115 (外州)
$14,361 (州內)
30,980
23Georgetown UniversityWashington, DC$59,9577,357
23University of Michigan–Ann ArborAnn Arbor, MI$53,232 (外州)
$16,178 (州內)
31,329
25Carnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburgh, PA$58,9247,073
25University of VirginiaCharlottesville, VA$53,666 (外州)
$19,698 (州內)
17,311
27University of Southern CaliforniaLos Angeles, CA$60,27519,606
28New York UniversityNew York, NY$56,50027,444
28Tufts UniversityMedford, MA$63,0006,114
28University of California–Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara, CA$44,196 (外州)
$14,442 (州內)
23,196
28University of FloridaGainesville, FL$28,658 (外州)
$6,380 (州內)
34,931
28University of North Carolina–Chapel HillChapel Hill, NC$36,776 (外州)
$8,992 (州內)
19,399
28Wake Forest UniversityWinston-Salem, NC$59,7705,441
34University of California–San DiegoLa Jolla, CA$44,487 (外州)
$14,733 (州內)
31,842
34University of RochesterRochester, NY$59,3446,521
36Boston CollegeChestnut Hill, MA$61,7069,445
36University of California–IrvineIrvine, CA$43,709 (外州)
$13,955 (州內)
29,638
38Georgia Institute of TechnologyAtlanta, GA$33,794 (外州)
$12,682 (州內)
16,561
38University of California–DavisDavis, CA$44,408 (外州)
$14,654 (州內)
31,162
38University of Texas at AustinAustin, TX$40,032 (外州)
$11,448 (州內)
40,048
38William & MaryWilliamsburg, VA$46,467 (外州)
$23,812 (州內)
6,236
42Boston UniversityBoston, MA$59,81616,872
42Brandeis UniversityWaltham, MA$60,3913,493
42Case Western Reserve UniversityCleveland, OH$54,0205,433
42Tulane UniversityNew Orleans, LA$60,8147,700
42University of Wisconsin–MadisonMadison, WI$38,608 (外州)
$10,720 (州內)
33,585
47University of Illinois–Urbana-ChampaignChampaign, IL$34,316 (外州)
$16,866 (州內)
33,683
48University of GeorgiaAthens, GA$31,120 (外州)
$12,080 (州內)
29,765
49Lehigh UniversityBethlehem, PA$57,4705,203
49Northeastern UniversityBoston, MA$57,59215,156
49Ohio State University–ColumbusColumbus, OH$35,019 (外州)
$11,936 (州內)
46,984
49Pepperdine UniversityMalibu, CA$59,7023,459
49Purdue University–West LafayetteWest Lafayette, IN$28,794 (外州)
$9,992 (州內)
34,920
49Villanova UniversityVillanova, PA$59,9007,037
55Florida State UniversityTallahassee, FL$21,683 (外州)
$6,517 (州內)
32,543
55Rensselaer Polytechnic InstituteTroy, NY$58,5266,283
55Santa Clara UniversitySanta Clara, CA$55,8605,608
55University of MiamiCoral Gables, FL$54,76011,334
59Syracuse UniversitySyracuse, NY$57,59114,479
59University of Maryland–College ParkCollege Park, MD$38,636 (外州)
$10,954 (州內)
30,875
59University of Pittsburgh–Pittsburgh CampusPittsburgh, PA$34,124 (外州)
$19,092 (州內)
19,197
59University of WashingtonSeattle, WA$39,906 (外州)
$12,076 (州內)
35,582
63George Washington UniversityWashington, DC$59,87011,762
63Pennsylvania State University–University ParkUniversity Park, PA$36,476 (外州)
$18,898 (州內)
39,809
63Rutgers University–New BrunswickPiscataway, NJ$33,005 (外州)
$15,804 (州內)
35,844
63University of ConnecticutStorrs, CT$41,192 (外州)
$18,524 (州內)
18,917
63Worcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcester, MA$55,5314,892
68Fordham UniversityNew York, NY$55,7769,399
68Indiana University–BloomingtonBloomington, IN$38,354 (外州)
$11,334 (州內)
32,986
68Southern Methodist UniversityDallas, TX$60,2366,827
71University of Massachusetts–AmherstAmherst, MA$35,710 (外州)
$16,389 (州內)
24,209
71University of Minnesota–Twin CitiesMinneapolis, MN$33,325 (外州)
$15,027 (州內)
35,165
71Worcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcester, MA$53,8264,761
74Clemson UniversityClemson, SC$38,112 (外州)
$15,120 (州內)
20,195
74Virginia TechBlacksburg, VA$32,893 (外州)
$13,749 (州內)
29,300
76American UniversityWashington, DC$51,3358,527
76Baylor UniversityWaco, TX$47,36414,108
76Indiana University–BloomingtonBloomington, IN$37,600 (外州)
$11,221 (州內)
33,084
76Yeshiva UniversityNew York, NY$46,4752,038
80Brigham Young University–ProvoProvo, UT$5,97031,292
80Gonzaga UniversitySpokane, WA$44,9205,238
80Howard UniversityWashington, DC$28,4406,526
80Michigan State UniversityEast Lansing, MI$39,766 (外州)
$14,460 (州內)
39,176
80North Carolina State UniversityRaleigh, NC$29,220 (外州)
$9,101 (州內)
25,973
80Stevens Institute of TechnologyHoboken, NJ$55,9523,487
80Texas Christian UniversityFort Worth, TX$51,6609,474
80University of DenverDenver, CO$53,7755,774
88Binghamton University–SUNYBinghamton, NY$27,884 (外州)
$10,494 (州內)
14,165
88Colorado School of MinesGolden, CO$39,800 (外州)
$19,100 (州內)
5,154
88Elon UniversityElon, NC$37,9216,277
88Marquette UniversityMilwaukee, WI$45,6668,515
88Stony Brook University–SUNYStony Brook, NY$28,200 (外州)
$10,530 (州內)
17,909
88University at Buffalo–SUNYBuffalo, NY$28,194 (外州)
$10,724 (州內)
21,921
88University of California–RiversideRiverside, CA$43,613 (外州)
$13,859 (州內)
22,055
88University of IowaIowa City, IA$31,568(外州)
$9,605 (州內)
23,482
88University of San DiegoSan Diego, CA$52,8645,919
97Auburn UniversityAuburn, AL$31,956 (外州)
$11,796 (州內)
24,594
97University of ArizonaTucson, AZ$36,738 (外州)
$12,402 (州內)
35,801
97University of California–MercedMerced, CA$43,292 (外州)
$13,538 (州內)
8,151
97University of California–Santa CruzSanta Cruz, CA$43,808 (外州)
$14,054 (州內)
17,517
99University of OregonEugene, OR$39,308 (外州)
$13,856 (州內)
18,045
99University of UtahSalt Lake City, UT$31,389 (外州)
$9,816 (州內)
24,643
資料來源:US News 官方網站

大家可以跟其他大學排名做對比,像是過去幾個月公布的 CWUR 2021-22 世界大學排名QS 2021 美國大學排名,以及 2022 THE 世界大學排名

恭喜這些大學達到各自的商業目標,成功擠進 US News 的前100名!


分析:為什麼每個網站的排名差距這麼多?

排名差距的細節就在我們上面提到的排名因素裡囉 😉

US News、CWUR、QS、THE、及 Niche 等大學排名的因素差非常多,比如只有 US News 給大學 peer review questionaire 讓學校官方之間做評比,而這個就佔 20%,所以這個問卷的分數差異就會大大的影響排名結果。

你如果認同大學之間的問卷評比(peer review)六年畢業率(6-year graduation rate)大一後持續就讀率(retention rate)班級人數獲得最高學位的教職員比例、及全職教職員比例這些因素該佔排名超過 50% 的分數,那 US News 排名是非常值得你參考的。

但你如果在意的是起薪就業率升遷率升職率社會貢獻學生滿意度畢業生未來成就及聲望教授教學品質實驗室及教學資源學術成就科系/領域影響力論文產出等因素,這些因素是 US News 完全不納入考量的,那 US News 排名的「公信力」也就是 0%!


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