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因疫情影响学生 SAT/ACT 的准备及考试安排，多所大学目前已经宣布今年将采取 test-optional 政策，不要求学生一定要 SAT/ACT 分数才能申请。目前八所常春藤大学中已经有七所大学宣布今年的考试政策，这里我们做个整理：
Brown University (布朗大学)
布朗大学在 6/12 做了以下宣布：
大学对 2020-21 申请的学生（11升12年级生）会采取 test-optional (考试选考) 的政策。因疫情而无法考 SAT/ACT 的学生不会因无法递交 SAT/ACT 成绩而影响录取。如果这是符合你的情况，请在申请表里提出，我们的入学委员将会完全考量这个情况。如果学生递交 SAT/ACT 分数，入学委员也会知道学生可能因疫情而无法考更多次。在 Common Application (共通申请表) 里学生有机会可以提出你今年的计画如何的受影响，包含考试的计画。
我们要强调，标化考试一直是我们综合评估 (holistic admissions) 一位学生时多个条件之一。考试分数可以告诉我们很多资讯，但它只是学生整体故事中的一部分。如果学生可以递交成绩，我们会将学生的情况纳入考量。如果学生无法递交成绩，我们会看学生申请表的其他部分，包含成绩、课程难度、学校老师在信件中提供的资讯等等，去评估学生的大学学业准备程度。
“For first-year applicants in the 2020-21 admission cycle, Brown is now test-optional. This change is for the 2020-21 academic year only.
Students who are unable to submit SAT or ACT scores this year due to COVID-19 will not be disadvantaged in our admission process. If this describes your situation, please know that your application will receive full consideration by our admission committee. We will continue to review test scores that are submitted, and will also bear in mind that those who do submit scores may not have been able to take the SAT or ACT more than once. There will be an opportunity within the Common Application to share with us how you may have been affected by the events of this year, including telling us how your testing plans were disrupted.
It is important to note that, while standardized testing has long been a component of our holistic admission process, it has always been one among many components that we consider. Testing can be informative, but is only one part of a much larger and more important story about an individual applicant. The SAT or ACT, when submitted, will continue to be considered in the context of all the other information we have about a candidate, and is one of multiple ways in which students may show preparedness for the rigors of Brown. For students who are not able to submit scores this year, we will look to other components of the application, from course grades and curricular rigor to insight from counselors and teachers, to assess academic preparation.
This year has been one of upheaval and uncertainty, and we hope that adopting a test-optional policy for the 2020-21 admission cycle will better enable students to prioritize their health and well-being, and that of their families, as the summer and fall continue to unfold. While the applications that students submit this year will undoubtedly look different than in years past, we remain committed to a thoughtful and thorough holistic review process.”
Columbia University (哥伦比亚大学)
哥伦比亚大学在 6/12 做了以下宣布：
因COVID-19 的影响，哥伦比亚大学对申请哥伦比亚文理学院 (Columbia College) 及哥伦比亚大学工程学院 (Columbia Engineering) 的学生采取一年的 考试选考 (test-optional) 政策。
如果学生可以递交 SAT/ACT 成绩，我们鼓励学生递交，因为我们相信这个额外资讯会对我们评估学生时有很大的帮助。但因为考试成绩不是必要条件，如果学生无法考试、或学生选择不递交考试成绩，学生不会因此而处于劣势。我们会用其他递交的资料及了解学生个别的情况去综合评估每位学生的学习生涯。学生的课程难度，课业成就，及他们展现的求知欲会持续为我们评估的核心重点。
对可以递交成绩的学生，Columbia 的规则会跟以往相同：申请 Early Decision 的学生可以最晚在11月考 SAT/ACT，申请 Regular Decision 的学生则最晚可以考1月的 SAT/ACT。如果你考多次考试，我们会用你最高的各科分数去评估。我们知道很多学生可能没有机会考超过一次的 SAT/ACT，我们在评估学生时也会将这个情况纳入考量。标准化考试只是我们多层面综合评估学生的其中一部分。
“Due to ongoing standardized testing disruptions associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, Columbia is adopting a one year test-optional policy for first-year applicants to Columbia College or Columbia Engineering for the fall of 2021.
If students have completed testing and can submit SAT or ACT results, we encourage them to do so as we believe this information can be a valuable addition in our review process. However, testing is no longer a required component for the first-year 2020-2021 application cycle, and students who are unable or choose not to submit test scores will not be disadvantaged. We will continue to evaluate all submitted information within the holistic and contextual review process that considers individual circumstances shaping each applicant’s journey. The rigor of a student’s curriculum, their academic achievement, and their demonstrated intellectual curiosity will remain central to our review.
For students able or who choose to submit testing, Columbia’s testing policies remain the same. We accept SAT and ACT scores through November test dates for Early Decision applicants and scores through January for Regular Decision applicants. We will continue to accept self-reported scores and only require official testing for enrolling students. If you were able to take an exam more than once, you will be evaluated on the highest score you received in any individual section of that test. Please note that we are aware that many students, if able to test, could only take a test once. As noted above, that context will be taken into consideration should scores be provided. Standardized testing is only one component in a highly contextualized, multi-layered holistic review.”
Cornell University (康乃尔大学)
因这个前所未有的情况，在 2021 年八月入学的学生（注：现在11升12年级生）的申请表里可以不包含 SAT/ACT 考试成绩。这项规定适用在 Early Decision 及 Regular Decision 的学生。
对考过或可以考 SAT/ACT 的学生，Cornell 不打算永远采取 test-optional 政策。我们期待多数学生的考试计画不会受疫情严重干扰，学生还是会有合理的考试机会，所以我们期待他们还是能递交 SAT/ACT 分数，这可以展现学生是否有准备好能应对大学课业。对 2020-21 年申请的学生，SAT/ACT 对以下学生还是有意义：
- 住家附近或就读的学校会提供 SAT/ACT 考试，或学生住在今年比去年提供更多考试场次的考场附近，以及
- 在高中上具挑战性的课程及优秀的成绩。如果学生因疫情而春季成绩给分标准为 pass/fail，学校不会对此有任何负面的解读。
“The SARS-COV-2 pandemic emergency has led to many SAT and ACT administration cancellations. Due to this extraordinary circumstance, students seeking to enroll at Cornell University beginning in August 2021 can submit their applications without including the results from ACT or SAT exams. This will be true for both the Early Decision and Regular Decision rounds of review.
For those who have taken, or who can take, ACT and SAT exams
Cornell overall has not planned to adopt a test-optional admission policy permanently. As appears to be true at test-optional colleges and universities, we anticipate that many students who will have had reasonable and uninterrupted opportunities to take the ACT and/or SAT during 2020 administrations will continue to submit results, and those results will continue to demonstrate preparation for college-level work.
In Cornell’s review during the 2020-2021 application cycle, results from the ACT or SAT might still be a meaningful differentiator in particular for students who:
- live near or attend a school that will be open, and where testing will be offered, or who live near a testing center that will be offering more testing seats or dates than they did in 2019; and
- have not experienced lost income for one or more of their household providers or other significant new hardships and losses during 2020.
We can’t pre-define in absolute, comprehensive terms what economic or personal disruptions will look like. We don’t plan to require any students to justify their reasons for not submitting test results, though we will hope to partner with applicants and their advocates throughout the reading period in order to understand each applicant’s circumstances.
Students who have taken a test, or even more than one test, but would still prefer not to submit those results, can make that choice.
For those who can’t plan for, take, and submit exams
Cornell readers will consider with increased scrutiny their other application documents, looking for different evidence of excellent academic preparation, including:
- challenging courses and excellent grades in each secondary school (high school) context. Note: there will be no negative interpretation for schools and students who have had only pass/fail or similar grading options during this current term;
- evidence of commitment and effort to pursuing other challenging learning experiences;
- results from other kinds of secondary, college-preparatory, and university-qualifying testing where available and verifiable;
- care, craft, and authenticity in their writing submissions;
- and wherever practical and available, details, insight, and analysis from secondary school counselors and teachers.
Applicants with no test results might more often be asked after review has begun for additional evidence of continuing preparation, including grade reports from current senior year enrollment when that can be made available in time for Cornell admission review.”
Dartmouth College (达特茅斯大学)
Dartmouth 在 6/3 做了以下声明：
现在起，Dartmouth 会采取一年暂停要求标化考试的政策。对 Class of 2025 (现11升12年级，2021年入学) 的学生将采取 test-optional 政策。
“Optional” (选考) 不是一个整人的词。它不是在暗示你我们顷向任何一边。这个政策是针对现在这种情况的对策，让入学委员能给接下来要申请的焦虑学生的一个保证。学生可以不要担心考场额满、因隔离而考试准备中断等情况。
我们欢迎学生任何愿意给我们的成绩，包含 SAT、ACT、SAT 科目考、AP，或都不提供。我们不会猜测学生不提供成绩的原因。对于想提供 SAT/ACT 成绩的学生，我们建议只递交一次的分数。
“Effective immediately, Dartmouth College is enacting a one-year suspension of our standardized testing requirement for candidates seeking undergraduate admission. Dartmouth College is now test-optional for the Class of 2025.
In normal circumstances, standardized testing offers useful statistical context for the holistic evaluation of a student’s academic record as well as our essential assessment of preparation for the curriculum we offer. But this moment is not normal. As I noted in an earlier blog post, we promised to adapt our admissions requirements as the situation evolved and as warranted. The situation has evolved, and a policy pause is now warranted. However, our commitment to academic excellence and intellectual curiosity has not changed.
“Optional” is not a trick word. It is not a wink that signals a continued institutional preference for the upcoming admissions cycle. This is not a moment for euphemisms or gimmicks; there should be no parsing of intent with this amended testing policy. It is a clear response to an unprecedented moment that requires admission officers to reimagine some of the elements we have historically required as we reassure anxious students about their upcoming applications. Worries about oversubscribed test sites, anxiety regarding limited registration access and the incongruity of test prep during a quarantine can be set aside.
At Dartmouth, we will welcome any testing element a student chooses to share—the SAT, the ACT, a subject test, an AP score—or none at all. Our admission committee will review each candidacy without second-guessing the omission or presence of a testing element. As with the other optional components of the application—an alumni interview, a peer recommendation—the decision to share testing as an element of holistic review is purely an individual one. For students who wish to submit an SAT or ACT score, we recommend just one test session.
We strongly advise students to focus on the many holistic elements of the application that showcase academic excellence in a more qualitative way. In addition, Dartmouth will not report a testing profile for the Class of 2025 to the campus or national media nor will we share one in our publications or on our website. If the goal is to “reduce anxiety for students,” let’s reduce the spotlight on testing during these uncertain times. Test prep and multiple test sessions are not good uses of a student’s time, money, or emotional energy during an ongoing public health crisis.”
Harvard University (哈佛大学)
哈佛大学在 6/15 发布公告：
大学允许 Class of 2025 (2021 年入学) 的学生递交申请表时不递交标准化考试分数。我们相信这个暂时的调整可以减轻学生这段时间所需要经历的困难。
在哈佛的综合评估申请评估流程里，考试分数只是多个数据中的其中一项。在高中课内外的成就，包含社区的投入、工作、及帮助学生家庭都是我们评估的方向。因疫情而只能有限的参与活动的学生不会因此处于劣势，学生因疫情而在上学期拿到 pass/fail 的成绩也不会处于劣势。
“Harvard College will allow students to apply for admission to the Class of 2025 without requiring standardized test scores. We understand that the COVID-19 pandemic has created insurmountable challenges in scheduling tests for all students, particularly those from modest economic backgrounds, and we believe this temporary change addresses these challenges.
Consistent with Harvard’s whole-person admissions process, standardized tests are only one factor among many. Accomplishments in and out of the classroom during the high school years – including community involvement, employment, and help given to students’ families are considered as part of our process. However, students who find themselves limited in the activities they can pursue due to the current coronavirus outbreak will not be disadvantaged as a result, nor will students who are only able to present pass/fail grades or other similar marks on their transcripts this spring.
Students who do not submit standardized testing this coming year will not be disadvantaged in the application process. Their applications will be considered on the basis of what they have presented, and they are encouraged to send whatever materials they believe would convey their accomplishments in secondary school and their promise for the future.”
University of Pennsylvania (宾州大学)
宾州大学在 6/4 做了以下宣布：
“College Board 最近宣布不会提供SAT 的在家考试版，考试场次也因为COVID-19 而受严重影响。这些原因让数以万计的学生无法考SAT。因此，宾州大学入学委员会不会要求2020 -21 的申请生提供SAT/ACT 分数。不递交SAT/ACT 分数的学生不会处于劣势，但国际生还是必须提供TOEFL 或IELTS 成绩。考了SAT/ACT，并且想提供给大学SAT/ACT 成绩的学生还是可以递交成绩。
“The College Board recently announced that an at-home version of the SAT will not be offered as planned. Meanwhile, the capacity for in-person examinations has been severely limited due to COVID-19 considerations. These combined factors will prevent thousands of students from taking the SAT exam. The scale of these challenges is unprecedented. With this in mind, Penn Admissions will not require the SAT or ACT for the 2020-21 first-year and transfer admissions cycles. Applicants who do not submit SAT or ACT scores will not be at a disadvantage in the admissions process. For international students attending schools where English is not the language of instruction, we continue to require either the TOEFL or IELTS exam. Students who are able to take the SAT or ACT and wish to report them may continue with that plan.
Penn Admissions acknowledges the benefits and limitations built into standardized tests. Beyond the admissions process, test results help institutions guide and support enrolling students. We also know that a single examination does not capture the ability, preparation, and potential of all students in an equal way. For this reason, standardized testing has always been only one part of a larger review process that considers many factors, including the rigor of coursework and performance in these courses. Penn Admissions will continue to review students, on an individual basis, consistent with our belief in a comprehensive whole-person review process.”
Yale University (耶鲁大学)
耶鲁大学在 6/12 做了以下宣布：
因应 COVID-19，耶鲁大学将暂停要求申请学生递交 SAT/ACT 分数。
这个改变是针对 2020-21 申请，2021 入学的学生。无法完成或不想递交成绩的学生不会因此处于劣势。 SAT 科目考分数不会纳入 2020-21 申请季的考量。
这个一年的政策改变只适用在 2020-21 学年于高中毕业的学生，打算在 2022 年秋季或之后入校的转学生还是要计画在截止日期前考 SAT/ACT。
考 AP/IB 的学生可以自行呈报分数，对预计 2020 春季或夏季考这些考试的学生，学校不会期待学生有考试成绩。
“In response to the widespread disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Yale Office of Undergraduate Admissions will temporarily suspend its requirement that first-year applicants submit results from the ACT or SAT.
The change will be in effect during the 2020-2021 admissions cycle for applicants to the Class of 2025. Applicants who are unable to complete an exam or who choose not to report exam scores will not be disadvantaged in the selection process. As announced previously, SAT Subject Tests will not be considered during the 2020-2021 admissions cycle.
This one-year policy change reflects the extraordinary circumstances that students, families, and educators are currently facing. This policy applies only to students graduating from secondary school in the 2020-2021 academic year. Transfer applicants and students who intend to apply for admission to enroll in fall 2022 or later should plan to complete the ACT or SAT by the appropriate deadlines.
The Office of Undergraduate Admissions remains committed to a whole-person review process that relies on experienced application readers and a committee of admissions officers, faculty, and deans to consider every applicant’s unique context and circumstances. This commitment extends to Yale’s evaluation of a student’s test scores, when available. For applicants who choose to send scores, the Admissions Committee will continue to view the scores within the context of the student’s entire file; to focus on the highest individual section scores for students who have completed the exam more than once; to accept self-reported scores for the purposes of evaluation; and to take context into account if a student has had limited or no opportunities to complete an exam.
Whether an applicant chooses to report standardized test results or not, the committee will pay close attention to a student’s high school transcript, letters of recommendation, and demonstrated academic drive and commitment. As always, the committee will make decisions with the best information available and with as much flexibility as possible to consider applicants from all backgrounds and experiences.
Students who have completed AP Exams, IB Exams, or AICE Exams prior to submitting their applications may opt to self-report scores in the application, but there is no expectation that students enrolled in academic-year courses associated with any of these tests complete exams in spring or summer 2020.”
Also in: 繁中 (繁中)